Earth Finds

Earth Finds

COP22 Meeting Must Focus On Building Adaptive Capacity Of Africans

Recently, members from the Morocco Steering Committee for the 22nd session of the Conference of Parties (COP22) met with the some civil society organizations to discuss the possibilities of having enhanced civil society participation in COP22 meeting in Marrakech Morocco.

The COP, which will sit from 7-18 November 2016, is expected to bring together over 181 countries under the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC).

It is an opportunity for African to reflect on the challenges it has faced in dealing with climate change impacts and exploit the opportunity to ensure that the outcomes of the Conference address their concerns. It should be noted that Africa has already hosted two COP meetings before that is, COP12 that took place in 2006 at Nairobi Kenya and COP17 that took place in 2011 at Durban South Africa.

Even so, COP22 comes at a time when climate change impacts have intensified in the recent times, with frequent hazards of high magnitude resulting into loss of lives, property, agricultural land and pollution of water bodies among others that is already driving millions of people into abject poverty.

For instance, in the 2010 Bududa district in eastern Uganda suffered one of the worst climate change hazards in recent time where thousands of people were buried by mudslides, lives and property was lost. In addition, in 2011, Teso Sub region was hit by floods that destroyed agricultural land and human settlements; this resulted into an outbreak of famine in the region. Further, in 2014, Karamoja region in northeastern Uganda suffered a prolonged drought that last over six month, lives and livestock was lost that required intervention of government for food aid.

The author of this article Samuel Okulony

As much as these hazards occur both in developing and developed countries, the developed countries has a better means of dealing with the impacts whereas the developing countries lack the technology and human capacity to predict and mitigate the hazard and to contain the hazard as well.  For instance during the mudslides in Bududa,  government of Uganda with the help of the army and community members used hand hoe to dig out the bodies and would be survivors, this intensifies the risk even further.  

It is important that the negotiations in the COP 22 whose theme will be monitoring sustainable development goals and commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change focus on establishing the strategies through which Africa can be best adapted to managing climate change impacts. 

Therefore, the representatives from partner countries who will be participating in negotiations must advocate for establishment and operationalisation of Climate Change Finance for Africa that will be used to build the adaptive capacity of local communities to climate change hazards in rural communities and prone areas of Africa. 

In addition, there must be avenues for technology development and transfer of technology from developed countries to developing countries on best mechanism of dealing with climate change especially on water and agricultural sector, which supports more than half of African population. 

Finally, as a means to embrace sustainable development, respective governments must be urged to embrace mitigation through subsidizing the cost of exploiting renewable energy, planting more trees to absorb carbon emissions and encouraging use of public transport as opposed to personal cars. 

By taking actions jointly on Climate change, we shall be able to pass on a better sustaining environment to the next generation than we actually inherited and avoid blame game.  


This article was written by;

Samuel Okulony


Programs and research coordinator

Africa institute for energy governance

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Vivo Energy Rewards Fuel And Win Reloaded Promotion Winners

Vivo Energy Uganda, the company that distributes and markets Shell branded fuels and lubricants, rewarded the first batch of winners in its ongoing Fuel and Win Reloaded promotion that was relaunched last month.

Ten winners were each rewarded fuel worth Shs3m (three million Uganda Shillings) and thirty winners won fuel worth Shs300, 000 (three hundred thousand Uganda Shillings). This prize giving ceremony was held at the Vivo Energy head office in the Kampala industrial area on Wednesday.

The winners were randomly selected from the draw after participating in the promotion by fuelling Shs50, 000 or more of Shell FuelSave at any Shell service station, receiving a voucher, and entering the voucher code into the promotion phone line. The more times a customer participates the more chances he or she is likely to win either Shs3m or Shs300, 000 worth of free fuel.

“We appreciate all our customers who are participating in the promotion and encourage them to continue fuelling and participating. The promotion is here to thank our customers for their loyalty and support and also give them a chance to enjoy and experience our quality fuel that is designed to improve engine efficiency to help them get a little further on each tank.” said Vivo Energy Uganda Managing Director Hans Paulsen at the prize handover.

The Fuel and Win Reloaded promotion runs until 13th October, with winners being notified by the Vivo Energy number 0312 210010. The promotion is country wide and therefore all customers are eligible to participate, as long as they fuel more than Shs50, 000 of Shell FuelSave.

Speaking to an excited winner, Godson Ssali, one of the ten winners of fuel worth Shs3m, he said he has been using Shell fuel for a very long time and he doesn’t regret it at all. He added that Shell fuel is the best on the market and recommends all drivers who want quality fuel to use Shell fuel because it’s not only friendly on the pocket, but also friendly on the engine.He is very grateful to Vivo Energy for the free fuel and encourages everyone to participate in the promotion to stand a chance of winning.

“We are dedicated to upholding the upmost fuel standards in the market and will continue to work with Shell to bring high quality - yet affordable - fuels, lubricants and services to the people of Uganda.” concluded Hans Paulsen.

Uganda’s Top Birds That Will Wow You With Their Beauty

From the savannahs of the Kidepo to the deep forests of the Mabira, right through the impenetrable Bwindi and to the top of Wagagai, the variety of bird species in Uganda is undeniable.

Being located within the tropics, Uganda has one of the most conducive weather for bird habitation; making it easy for several species to flourish throughout the country’s green including the city.

There are over 1,000 bird species including those that have not be documented for tourism, but among those are some that are most sought after by birdwatchers and well known to the local population.

Grey Crowned Crane

Commonly known as the Crested Crane, this bird is a national treasure and can be spotted on the Ugandan flag and coat of arms. The Crested Crane is a subspecies of the Crane family; there is elegance in their movements and can be found around swampy areas, lake shores or other wetlands in the country.

Due to constant poaching and ritualistic purposes, the population of Crested Cranes in Uganda has dwindled over the years. They are a sight to behold when ascending to flight, their wide spread feathers shimmer with color.

Shoe Billed Stork

This bird might confuse several scientists on which family it should belong to; Ciconiiformes or Pelecaniformes. The shoebill is one of the top sought after birds in Uganda. The bird’s unique feature is its large shoe shaped bill that it uses to forage food at the same time helps it stand out uniquely from its other stork relatives, shoebills are only found on the African continent.

Shoebills in Uganda can be found around the marshy- swampy areas of the country; they mainly feed on tilapia and lungfish even if shoebills are considered to be piscivorous.

Karamoja Apalis

Though not much is known about these birds, they are part of the Cisticolidae family/Warbler family and were first spotted in Karamoja in 1919 which explains their English name.

You have probably heard them sing the first and last song of the day out in the shrubs when you visit the village. They tend to nest in low thorny thick shrubs and can be easily spotted around the savannah in the national parks of Uganda, although they are more common in the North Eastern part of the country. The Uganda Karamoja Apalis is usually grey in color and almost the size of a small fist.

African Green Broadbill

This bright- green with a blue throat bird has a small bill, quite unlike those of the other broadbills. The African green broadbill is also known as Grauer's Broadbill and can be identified by their leafy green color with a light blue breast/ rump and short but protruding tail. They can be found in the Albertine region of Uganda, especially in the Bwindi Impenetrable forest. They are classified as vulnerable due to constant degrading of most of its habitats.

Great Blue Turaco

The Great blue turaco is one of the largest species of the Turaco bird group that is found in Uganda; they are common in dense tropical forests such the Mabira. Their physical characteristics make them look like a cross between the great eagle and the peacock. They have very beautiful bright colored feathers; blue body with a yellow breast and red- yellow beaks. The Great blue turacos are reducing in number, since they are hunted down for meat and for their feathers.

Doherty’s Bush Shrike

The Bush Shrike is a bird from the Malaconotidae family and is found in the shrublands of Uganda and forests on and around the slopes of Mountains. They have bright colors; black, yellow, red and a little grey that almost make them look like they are wearing the Ugandan flag on their feathers. They are among the most common birds one can find in the country when birding and their population is mostly stable.

Black Breasted Barbet

Lybius Rolleti is a bird indigenous to Africa but are usually rarely to find, they nest in thick vegetation areas and known to be very solitary birds. They are plump-looking, with large heads and their heavy bill is fringed with bristles. Black Breasted Barbets feed off of fruits such as guavas and mangoes plus small insects and vertebrates. Fruit is eaten whole and indigestible material such as seed pits regurgitated later. African barbets are quite similar to the American barbets which also belong to Piciformes.







What You Didn’t Know About The African Lion

Uganda has over 500 Panthera Leo also known as Lions living in the National Parks, reserves and habitats in the country; Lake Mburo, Queen Elizabeth National Park among several others.

Queen Elizabeth National Park is known to have the biggest number of Lions which are also famous for their tree climbing antics.Do you think you know a lot about Lions? Here are a few facts you might not be aware of.


The African lion will not be found in the jungle, but you will definitely find it slinking in the underbrush of the savannah patiently waiting for the right prey and they easily blend in away from the eyes of the innocent targets.

When in Queen Elizabeth National Park, it is easy to spot the Lions lazily sprawled on low hanging tree branches or under a tree and dense bushes in the heat of day.

Pride Rules

Lions live in groups called Prides, which comprise of males and females. Within the pride, there is always one Alpha male; one that heads the group and when he grows older the younger males will fight with him in order to become the Alpha.

Lions as their smaller domestic cousins, tend to enjoy licking, head rubbing, touching and purring at each other when they are resting. They always keep in touch with each other by roaring from wherever they are so that the others can hear them.

Lioness Power

The female Lions are the ones who are usually in charge of the hunt, they will move miles through the habitats looking for easy prey. They usually hunt in packs for the whole pride although in the end the males always get the biggest share of the hunt. The males take charge of the pride’s safety.

Thirsty Cats

Lions are known to drink water everyday so they usually stay near a water hole, although they can go up to 4 days without water especially during the dry season or when they are migrating or hunting for food. They obtain the necessary moisture from the stomach contents of their prey.


In a pride, sometimes two lionesses give birth at the same time and raise their cubs together. A lioness can raise cubs that are not her own, they tend to allow the cubs to suckle her milk when their mother is not able to feed them.

The litter are usually nurtured from birth till when they can fend for themselves, although when food scarcity hits the pride, some mothers might abandon their cubs.

Lazy Pride

Like it is in most cats, lions are lazy; they can sleep for over 20 hours a day since most of their other time is spent hunting and protecting their territory. That’s why sometimes when you go to parks or the Zoo, you will find that they are always lying down or not as interested in your activity as you would expect.

Lone Wolf

Some lions choose not to live among the Pride, they usually wander off alone especially young males that have come of age. They leave the pride for a number of years living as Nomads and getting stronger looking for a pride of their own to take over.

Others are known to join other prides as nomads, this is usually the male that was toppled by a younger one. Although, lone lions do not get mates and are easily prone to poachers and hunters, making their lifespan short.

Eating Habits

Generally, lions feed on antelopes, deers, kobs, elands, mice, lizards, warthogs and because they have a well organised hunt unit in the pride, they can easily hunt down animals as big as young elephants, wildebeests, hippos, crocodiles, rhinos and even giraffes.

During the dry season when food is rare, lions can scavenge for food or take over food that has been hunted for by the hyenas, leopards or cheetahs.


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