Energy

Energy (251)

Electricity Tribunal Gets Substantive Registrar

The Electricity Disputes Tribunal (EDT) has been fully constituted following the appointment of Ms. Sylvia Cheptoris as a substantive Registrar, a statement from the ministry of energy and mineral development said.

Cheptoris was recently handed the instruments of power by the Chief Registrar of Courts Mr. Tom Chemutai at the High Court in Kampala. The tribunal’s work has been on a standstill for almost a whole year operating without a substantive Registrar who is mandated to manage the administrative affairs.

The EDT was established by the Electricity Act in 1999 after the liberalization of the power sector to hear and determine electricity related complaints.

Mr. Charles Okoth Owor, the chairperson of the Tribunal welcomed the move to have a fully constituted EDT insisting that a growing economy generates a myriad of business disputes, which may require such specialized tribunals.

“To facilitate a fast, and efficient resolution of industry related disputes, we need such tribunals. Unresolved disputes lead to long delays in growth as business comes to a standstill awaiting justice”, said Owor.

Cheptoris, 38, is an experienced counsel with a 10 years’ experience in the legal profession as a state attorney.

German Energy Investors Have A Bright Future In A Post-Covid 19 Africa

On Thursday, the Germany-Africa Business Forum (GABF) is organizing an exclusive webinar to encourage new deals between German and African public and private energy stakeholders. This is an extremely timely initiative. Covid-19 has accelerated several major trends and dynamics within Africa’s energy sector which are set to significantly increase the demand for German capital and technology on the continent.

Energy has been identified by most African governments and financial institutions as a key sector able to support Africa’s economic recovery post-Covid-19. In parallel, global trends toward a cleaner energy transition are now accelerating and Africa is no stranger to the game. The reshaping of the continent from 2021 onwards provides a great opportunity for German companies and technology to fight energy poverty in Africa and support the natural gas monetization and valorization drive from Mozambique to Senegal, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Tanzania.

“The African Energy Chamber is calling on Germany to work with African businesses to lower carbon emissions and support Africa’s path to a net zero future. From gas flaring to gas-to-power and cleantech, Germany has the capital and technology Africa needs to build an inclusive and sustainable energy future,” declared Nj Ayuk, Executive Chairman at the African Energy Chamber.

By engaging not only with African governments but with the continent’s entrepreneurs and private companies, German stakeholders can structure the deals who will ensure a successful future for the German-African energy cooperation. German technical know-how and technology is increasingly looked after when it comes to assessing climate change risks and opportunities in business planning, and supporting public policies embracing decarbonization.

Germany’s appetite for Africa has already translated into landmark projects and deals across the continent. In West Africa, Siemens is currently supporting Nigeria in raising its electricity capacity of 25GW under the country’s Presidential Power Initiative. Meanwhile, Voith Hydro and the Commerzbank recently joined Angola’s Caculo-Cabaça Hydropower hydroelectric project to support CGGC in completing the 2172MW power facility by 2024. An increasing number of German SMEs are also involved in landmark gas and power projects, including the Akinokien LNG receiving terminal in Equatorial Guinea.

“We need to foster a candid and constructive dialogue with a broad range of German and African stakeholders on investment, energy poverty, the creation of an enabling environment for private businesses and the implementation of free market policies that benefit the poor and emerging African middle class,” concluded Nj Ayuk.

Reduce Power Tariffs To Increase Electricity Access Amid COVID-19

By Patrick Edema

The government of Uganda set out priorities in 2006 which included transport, electricity generation and transmission, and defense. The focus on electricity was tied to its role in determining the success of other sectors, such as manufacturing, health, education, agriculture and infrastructure development. So, the question is, has electricity access increased to 75% of households in the country?

As of December 2017, the Uganda Electricity Generation Company (UEGL) generated about 380 megawatts, or about 74 kilowatt hours (kWh) per person. The reason why Uganda’s generation capacity still remained low was mainly due to the fact that the country’s hydroelectric power potential remained largely untapped, with 317 MW of power produced compared to a total potential of 2,000 MW.

The 2014 Uganda National Population and Housing Census notes that only 20.4% of households use electricity as their main source of energy for lighting. The report notes that 51.4% of urban households and 10.3% of rural households used electricity as the main source of energy for lighting. Electricity use for cooking is much lower, at 1.9% nationally, with 4.4% of urban households and 1.2% of rural households using electricity to cook.

By focusing on lighting, the government may be taking credit for the work of other actors. The same census data shows that 15.5% of households in total are actually connected to the grid, with 4.9% connected to other sources of electricity, most likely solar power. According to the Uganda Renewable Energy Policy 2007, the total new installed photovoltaic capacity for solar home systems was estimated to be 200 kilowatts produced, with the expected generation for 2017 estimated at 700 kilowatts.

And according to ERA report of December 2019, the installed electricity generation further increased to 1177MW following the commissioning of the Isimba Hydro Power Plant that added 183 MW to the National Grid. The Isimba Hydro Power Project was developed by the Government of Uganda with 85% of the project costs financed with a loan from the EXIM Bank of China, and 15% financed by the Government of Uganda.

Following the commissioning of the Isimba and Karuma Hydropower Plants, a critical factor for the reduction of Electricity End-User Tariffs will be growth in Demand for or Consumption of electricity. The generation Tariff for Isimba Hydropower Plant is lower than the Weighted Average Generation Tariff. Increase in electricity consumption for both Domestic and Industrial customers will lead to increase in dispatch/utilisation of Isimba Hydropower Plant. This will result into reduction in the Weighted Average Generation Tariff and therefore reduction in the End-User Electricity Tariffs.

Although the government of Uganda has initiated several measures aiming at increasing electricity access such as, in August 2018, the Government of Uganda launched the Electricity Connections Policy to accelerate access to electricity across the country. The policy targets to promote mass electricity usage by all Ugandans with a connection target of 300,000 Domestic Customers per year.

This has however, not been able to achieve its expectations of increased number of households connected to the national grid due to the unaffordability of electricity. This is the right time for the government of Uganda to come up and save her citizens who are already being hit by the covid-19 pandemic. I therefore call upon Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA) and the responsible ministries to come on board and improve the electricity sector by reducing the high rates of power bills for the citizens.

Patrick Edema

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Energy Ministry Must Change Electricity Sector Investment Strategy To Reduce Financial Losses

By Cyrus Kabaale

Following the commissioning of 42 MW Achwa II hydropower plant in October 2019 in the absence of a power evacuation medium, today government is losing Shs39.4bn from the 2020 energy ministry’s Shs2.6trn budgetary allocation for paying for the deemed energy. 

The rising debt is due to government’s failure to secure land for the construction of a transmission line to evacuate power to the national grid.

According to Uganda Electricity Transmission Company (UETCL), it’s noted that the construction of evacuation lines for Achwa plant will be ready in two years. The delay is due to government failure to secure land for construction of transmission lines to evacuate power generated at the plant.

Therefore, the government could lose more than the initial cost Shs290bn investment for the establishment of the project. If multiplied with the average rate of US cents 9.83 per kilowatt-hour charge, the government will pay about Shs224trn as deemed energy in two years.

Indeed, the revelations about Achwa commissioning without securing land for transmission lines raise fresh questions about the 600MW Karuma project and other hydropower plants. The initial cost of the Karuma project was $ 1.7 billion but has been delayed twice and extended its construction time from the original planned 5 years to now over 7 years.

Referring to new vision June 23, 2020, confidential document, it indicates that each month of delay costs the government $12m (about Shs44bn) in expenditures and $17m (about Shs62.4bn) in lost generation revenue.

Consequently, a year of delay amounts to $144m (about Shs535.8bn) in expenditures and $204m (about Shs759bn) in lost generation revenue.

The government continues to sign bad Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) which does not guarantee the safety of its citizens. Its lack of transparency in the signing of PPAs for electricity projects has wrecked the Achwa, Karuma and other Hydro Power Project that was hoped to guard against a return to longs periods of load shedding due to insufficient power generation.

Without transparency, Ugandans will continue suffering from both insufficient power and expensive tariffs. In the end, they will not benefit from national, regional and global initiatives such as the Rural Electrification, the SE4ALL initiatives and others intended to help the increasing power access, reliability and affordability to drive socio-economic development.

Today, electricity access for lighting and other simple services stands at 22% and over 95% of Ugandans continue to rely on biomass (firewood and charcoal) for their cooking needs because they cannot afford to use electricity beyond lighting, charging phones and other simple tasks.

Moreover, Uganda has surplus hydro-electricity. Of the 1,2000MW installed capacity in Uganda, citizens consume approximately 700mw. The government will soon commission the 600mw Karuma hydropower plant. 

Ugandans are already paying high power tariffs because of the excess power that is being produced and is not consumed. Citizens should not be further exploited by making them pay for deemed power which is not required.

In addition to the above, the government continues spending on paying thermal power companies such as Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx as capacity charge for contributing to the national grid.

As you may recall, Uganda’s government entered into PPA with thermal energy generator Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx to supply power to the national grid in 2005 when the country suffered a power deficit following a prolonged drought.

The fact that Ugandans continue to pay for expensive power in the face of surpluses is highly exploitative and unfair.

We, therefore, request the MEMD to do the following;

  • The MEMD should urgently conduct a new assessment for all the Shs89.4bn invested as deemed energy for the 42mw Achwa hydropower and cost implication of delay commissioning of the hydropower dam on socio-economic development of the country.
  • The government should also assess the reasons why in the region and world as a whole, Uganda continues to produce high power tariffs that do not benefit Ugandans.
  • Enabling parliament and public access to power Purchase Agreements (PPA) signed by the government with Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx to explore options of cancelling the agreements without costs to the taxpayer.

Failure to adhere to the above demands will result in legal action against the government.

For God and My Country

Cyrus Kabaale is a youth champion and works with Africa Institute for Energy Governance (AFIEGO)

Rosatom SMR Solutions For Sub-Saharan Africa

There has been widespread interest in the development of civil nuclear programs in Africa. Nuclear power plants are cheaper to run than their coal or gas rivals even if we factor in spent nuclear fuel management and disposal.

Other important advantage is regularity of nuclear power supply: contrary to renewable source of energy which are dependable on the weather conditions.

Africa, and Sub-Saharan Africa in particular, has never been viewed as a robust market for nuclear power. With the emergence of small modular reactors (SMRs) technology, nuclear increases its chances to be considered as a feasible option to address regional energy needs in a low carbon and stable energy generation with predictable costs.

SMRs offer unique benefits such as easy grid connection, flexibility in terms of placement, multipurpose application and possible integration with renewables. They can be a good alternative to diesel generators providing reliable power supply and preventing harmful emissions at a competitive price. One more advantage is that they offer lower capital investment which can be crucial point while taking a decision of their deployment.

The latest developments of in this area feature Russian RITM series SMR designed for nuclear icebreakers, land-based small NPPs, and floating nuclear power plants. It is based on times proved pressurized water reactor (PWR) technology and Rosatom 400 reactor-years of experience in operation of small modular reactors.

This advanced technology incorporates all the best features from its predecessors – ship reactors. Rosatom has already constructed six RITM series reactors by now. RITM-200 reactors have already been manufactured and installed on Arktika, Sibir and Ural nuclear icebreakers. The technology has proven its efficiency and ultimate safety throughout all stage of the life cycle including radioactive waste management.

At present, Rosatom is working on the optimized version of the floating nuclear power plant based on RITM series reactors. Recently in May 2020, the Russian nuclear state corporation has fully commissioned its first floating nuclear power plant Akademik Lomonosov with two KLT-40 reactors that in a pair produce up to 77 MW of electricity. KLT-40 is a predeсessor of RITM series SMR. FNPP Akademik Lomonosov is the northernmost nuclear power plant in the world that provides electricity to the isolated Chaun-Bilibino network in Pevek, Chukotka, Russia’s Far East. 

“We are working hard to do our part in delivering the great stories from our industry, to highlight its true potential to become a catalyst for sustainable development in Africa. We all understand that nuclear will play a vital role in achieving the United Nations sustainability goals not only in Africa but across the globe,” noted Ryan Collyer, acting CEO Rosatom Central and Southern Africa speaking at the Africa Energy Indaba Forum in Cape Town (South Africa) earlier this year.

 

 

Crane Management Services Issues COVID-19 SOPs As Arcades Plot Comeback

Crane Management Services (CMS), a Ruparelia Group property managing agency, has issued Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to all tenants occupying all their buildings in Kampala.

The move by Crane Management Services has come at a time when commercial properties owners in Kampala are pressurizing the government to allow them to reopen their buildings for business after 3 months of COVID-19 lockdown.

Crane Management Services Managing Director, Rajiv Ruparelia, addressing a press conference on Friday said that they put at all their properties measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus like hand washing basins, temperature checks and ensure everyone wears a face mask.

”COVID-19 is not going to disappear soon. So, the question is how do we operate within its framework? And the measures we have put in place are quite simple; We have already ordered for many handwashing stations that will be placed at every entrance of the building,” Rajiv said.

“There will be automatic sprays that you put your hands under and the soap will come under. So, you will be able to ensure that very bacteria on your hands is killed and neutralized,” he added.

“What we will do is actually that we will control the entrance and exit points. We will set up checkpoints where you wash your hands, where temperature checks are done and we will deploy more security personnel, to ensure that everybody is checked before entering or exiting the building,” he explained.

Rajiv who emphasized that they will also ensure that everybody wears a face mask and observes the social distancing reiterated that will also control the number of people in the arcade at any one time.

He also noted that they will work hand in hand with their tenants to ensure that this is all observed and followed religiously because it is in their interest as landlords and tenants to start opening up the buildings so that the survival of the tenants can start.

“This way, tenants can start supporting their families again because they have been closed for the last four months and they have no other source of income, which is going to create a bigger threat to us and to the economy at large,” Rajiv said.

Renewables Increasingly Beat Even Cheapest Coal Competitors On Cost

Renewable power is increasingly cheaper than any new electricity capacity based on fossil fuels, a new report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) published today finds. 

Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019 shows that more than half of the renewable capacity added in 2019 achieved lower power costs than the cheapest new coal plants.

The report highlights that new renewable power generation projects now increasingly undercut existing coal-fired plants. On average, new solar photovoltaic (PV) and onshore wind power cost less than keeping many existing coal plants in operation, and auction results show this trend accelerating – reinforcing the case to phase-out coal entirely.

Next year, up to 1 200 gigawatts (GW) of existing coal capacity could cost more to operate than the cost of new utility-scale solar PV, the report shows.

 Replacing the costliest 500 GW of coal with solar PV and onshore wind next year would cut power system costs by up to USD 23 billion every year and reduce annual emissions by around 1.8 gigatons (Gt) of carbon dioxide (CO2), equivalent to 5% of total global CO2 emissions in 2019. It would also yield an investment stimulus of USD 940 billion, which is equal to around 1% of global GDP.

"We have reached an important turning point in the energy transition. The case for new and much of the existing coal power generation, is both environmentally and economically unjustifiable," said Francesco La Camera, Director-General of IRENA.

"Renewable energy is increasingly the cheapest source of new electricity, offering tremendous potential to stimulate the global economy and get people back to work. Renewable investments are stable, cost-effective and attractive offering consistent and predictable returns while delivering benefits to the wider economy."

"A global recovery strategy must be a green strategy," La Camera added. "Renewables offer a way to align short-term policy action with medium- and long-term energy and climate goals. 

Renewables must be the backbone of national efforts to restart economies in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak. With the right policies in place, falling renewable power costs, can shift markets and contribute greatly towards a green recovery." 

Renewable electricity costs have fallen sharply over the past decade, driven by improving technologies, economies of scale, increasingly competitive supply chains and growing developer experience. Since 2010, utility-scale solar PV power has shown the sharpest cost decline at 82%, followed by concentrating solar power (CSP) at 47%, onshore wind at 39% and offshore wind at 29%. 

Costs for solar and wind power technologies also continued to fall year-on-year. Electricity costs from utility-scale solar PV fell 13% in 2019, reaching a global average of 6.8 cents (USD 0.068) per kilowatt-hour (kWh). Onshore and offshore wind both declined about 9%, reaching USD 0.053/kWh and USD 0.115/kWh, respectively. 

Recent auctions and power purchase agreements (PPAs) show the downward trend continuing for new projects are commissioned in 2020 and beyond.

Solar PV prices based on competitive procurement could average USD 0.039/kWh for projects commissioned in 2021, down 42% compared to 2019 and more than one-fifth less than the cheapest fossil-fuel competitor namely coal-fired plants.

Record-low auction prices for solar PV in Abu Dhabi and Dubai (UAE), Chile, Ethiopia, Mexico, Peru and Saudi Arabia confirm that values as low as USD 0.03/kWh are already possible.   

For the first time, IRENA's annual report also looks at investment value in relation to falling generation costs. The same amount of money invested in renewable power today produces more new capacity than it would have a decade ago.

In 2019, twice as much renewable power generation capacity was commissioned than in 2010 but required only 18% more investment.  

Why Africa Needs To Diversify For A Clean Energy Transition

The world’s incredible decrease in energy consumption caused by COVID-19, and the unprecedented collapse of the oil and gas markets has some arguing that 2019 was the peak for oil and clean energy will dominate in the years ahead.

This and more was unpacked during a renewable energy webinar hosted by the African Energy Chamber and Africa Oil & Power on Thursday. Under the theme ‘Is now the time for renewables?’ the webinar gathered high-level speakers including Nelisiwe Magubane, Chairperson, Matleng Energy Solutions; Suzanne Jaworowski, Senior Advisor, Policy & Communications, Office of Nuclear Energy, U.S. Department of Energy; Massaer Cisse, General Manager, Lekela Power Senegal and Dr Clinton Carter-Brown, Head of the Energy Centre, South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.

The session highlighted the impact of COVID-19 on global renewable energy development discussions. According to Massaer Cissé: “COVID-19 has sparked a new discussion on the importance of renewables and we can expect renewable energy to be central topic in all conversations to come,"

"According to the International Energy Agency, 72% of all installed power capacity globally in 2019 originated from renewable energy, and it expects it to grow in 2020, despite the pandemic. COVID-19 is by definition a shock but it’s a temporary event. The long-term trends preexisting prior to the pandemic remain true today.

Renewable energies are now very competitive and are able to function without subsidies. Africa’s impact is relatively small on the global scale for global warming and climate change; however, we are primarily impacted. Therefore, Africa has a responsibility, beyond economic considerations, to contribute to finding solutions. I believe the renewable energy outlook remains very positive.”

Nelisiwe Magubane, from Matleng Energy Solutions, expressed concerns around the pandemic encouraging countries to halt the race to renewables and focus on indigenous assets, including fossil fuels: “We have seen countries having more nationalistic agendas in order to protect their assets and revitalize their economies, thus translating to the use of more indigenous resources.

Africa is well-endowed with renewable energy resources and it has become very competitive compared to other energy sources. However, it can’t meet peak demand, depending on the country. Other energy sources are needed to complement renewables, and the overall goal is to lower emissions, rather than aim right now to bring it down to zero. We need to have a pragmatic approach to deploy an energy mix benefitting the country and the environment.

Suzanne Jaworowski, from the U.S. Office of Nuclear Energy underlined the importance of market volatility and reliability issues linked to the energy sector globally, and how the pandemic has highlighted those two challenges as central to a sustainable energy sector.

As an advocate for the development of nuclear energy, Suzanne highlighted technology advancements which make nuclear a viable option for African countries in terms of cost as well as security: “Nuclear is a serious option to be considered in terms of energy transition. Smaller modular reactor designs which will come online in the next few years are economically competitive with combined cycle natural gas plants. Of course, each country must decide what is best, but major nuclear technology advancements make it worthy of taking it into account. Nuclear is a lot more accessible cost wise making it a viable option.”

The discussion also touched on natural gas as a prime fuel for energy transition. As an energy specialist in South Africa, Dr Clinton Carter-Brown commented: “Ninety percent of South Africa’s electricity runs on coal. We have one of the highest numbers of emissions per capita across the globe. The shift from coal to renewable is particularly key in our country, economically and in regard to the energy transition. Natural gas will have a major role play in the transition, provided we are able to build the appropriate processing and transport infrastructure. The energy transition will create immense employment opportunities and is a major challenge in the years coming up.”

Finally, the discussion touched on localization and local content. Although it is hot topic in the oil and gas space, local capacity development is equally, if not more, important in the renewable energy sector as it is home to major technology innovations.

Massaer Cissé used the telecommunications revolution as an example to show that the energy sector is on the verge of its own revolution: “The energy sector is following the path of telecommunications. When mobile telecommunications came online, previously isolated communities suddenly could access mobile solutions. In the energy sector, mini solar kits, portable battery storage solutions, small wind power plants among others, are setting the energy on the path of revolution, in which renewables are a key component. Nuclear also has a major role to play because the main driver of the energy revolution is technological. “

Nelisiwe Magubane brought up the issue of intellectual property as a key component of the regulatory frameworks to be designed by governments: “Renewable energy is an opportunity for African countries to create proprietary technology, be strict about intellectual property and drive technological innovation and energy independence.”

Final words from Massaer Cisse underlined that the renewable energy revolution has not been hindered by COVID-19. “We all agree that the current situation is not sustainable. Energy sources don’t need to be mutually exclusive. Oil, nuclear, natural gas, coal have the biggest role to play. Renewables is here to stay and grow.”

COVID-19 Intensifies Urgency To Expand Sustainable Energy Solutions Worldwide

Despite accelerated progress over the past decade, the world will fall short of ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy by 2030 unless efforts are scaled up significantly, reveals the new Tracking SDG 7: The Energy Progress Report released on Thursday by the International Energy Agency (IEA) the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the World Bank, and the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to the report, significant progress had been made on various aspects of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 prior to the start of the COVID-19 crisis. This includes a notable reduction in the number of people worldwide lacking access to electricity, strong uptake of renewable energy for electricity generation, and improvements in energy efficiency. Despite these advances, global efforts remain insufficient to reach the key targets of SDG 7 by 2030.

“Renewable energy is key to achieving SDG 7 and building resilient, equitable and sustainable economies in a post COVID-19 world. Now more than ever is the time for bold international cooperation to bridge the energy access gap and place sustainable energy at the heart of economic stimulus and recovery measures. IRENA is committed to scale up action with its global membership and partners to channel investment and guide policy intervention in pursuit of sustainable development for all humankind,” said Francesco La Camera, Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

The number of people without access to electricity declined from 1.2 billion in 2010 to 789 million in 2018, however, under policies that were either in place or planned before the start of the COVID-19 crisis, an estimated 620 million people would still lack access in 2030, 85 percent of them in Sub-Saharan Africa. SDG 7 calls for universal energy access by 2030.

Other important elements of the goal also continue to be off track. Almost 3 billion people remained without access to clean cooking in 2017, mainly in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Largely stagnant progress since 2010 leads to millions of deaths each year from breathing cooking smoke. The share of renewable energy in the global energy mix is only inching up gradually, despite the rapid growth of wind and solar power in electricity generation. An acceleration of renewables across all sectors is required to move closer to reaching the SDG 7 target, with advances in heating and transport currently lagging far behind their potential. Following strong progress on global energy efficiency between 2015 and 2016, the pace has slackened. The rate of improvement needs to speed up dramatically, from 1.7 percent in 2017 to at least 3 percent in coming years.

Accelerating the pace of progress in all regions and sectors will require stronger political commitment, long-term energy planning, increased public and private financing, and adequate policy and fiscal incentives to spur faster deployment of new technologies An increased emphasis on “leaving no one behind” is required, given the large proportion of the population without access in remote, rural, poorer and vulnerable communities.

The 2020 report introduces tracking on a new indicator, 7.A.1, on international financial flows to developing countries in support of clean and renewable energy. Although total flows have doubled since 2010, reaching $21.4 billion in 2017, only 12 percent reached the least-developed countries, which are the furthest from achieving the various SDG 7 targets.

The five custodian agencies of the report were designated by the UN Statistical Commission to compile and verify country data, along with regional and global aggregates, in relation to the progress in achieving the SDG 7 goals. The report presents policymakers and development partners with global, regional and country-level data to inform decisions and identify priorities for a sustainable recovery from COVID-19 that scales up affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.

This collaborative work highlights once more the importance of reliable data to inform policy-making as well as the opportunity to enhance data quality through international cooperation to further strengthen national capacities. The report has been transmitted by SDG 7 custodian agencies to the United Nations Secretary-General to inform the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’s annual review.

Key highlights on SDG7 targets

  • Access to electricity: Since 2010, more than a billion people have gained access to electricity, connecting 90% of the planet's population in 2018 as a result. Yet 789 million people still live without electricity, mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa. 
  • Clean cooking: Almost 3 billion people remained without access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, residing mainly in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Over the 2010 to 2018 period, progress has remained largely stagnant, with the rate of population growth outpacing increase in access to clean cooking since 2012 in some countries.  
  • Renewable energy: The share of renewables in the global energy mix reached 17.3% of final energy consumption in 2017, up from 16.3% in 2010. Renewables consumption (+2.5 percent in 2017) is growing faster than global energy consumption (+1.8 percent in 2017), continuing a trend in evidence since 2011. While renewables have seen an unprecedented uptake in the electricity sector over the last decade, the use of renewables in heating and transport sectors is lagging far behind potential.  
  • Energy efficiency: Global primary energy intensity improved by 1.7% in 2017. That is better than the 1.3% average rate of progress between 1990 and 2010, but still well below the original target rate of 2.6%, and a marked slowdown from the previous two years. 
  • International financial flows: International public financial flows to developing countries in support of clean and renewable energy doubled since 2010, reaching $21.4 billion in 2017. These flows mask important disparities with only 12% of flows in 2017 reaching those most in need (least developed countries and small island developing states). Enhanced international cooperation is essential to bridge the gap.

Nuclear Technology To Help Combat Covid-19

The novel coronavirus crisis has led to a slowdown of the economic growth of countries across the world.

According to the World Bank biannual Africa’s Pulse report, which discusses the macroeconomic outlook for sub-Saharan Africa, released in April 2020, economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa will decline from 2.4 percent in 2019 to between -2.1 percent and -5.1 percent in 2020, depending on the success of measures taken to mitigate the pandemic’s effects. The report predicts that the region will experience its first recession in 25 years .

All industries mobilize to help to combat the negative effect of new pandemic on the global economy. Nuclear technologies also show multiple use during the crisis. Nuclear technology is a major baseload power-generating source and accounted for 10.3% of global power generation in 2019 . The use of nuclear technologies during these times  is not limited to maintaining stable electricity supply.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is providing diagnostic kits, equipment and training in nuclear-derived detection techniques to countries asking for assistance in tackling the worldwide spread of the novel coronavirus causing COVID-19. The assistance, requested by 14 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, is part of intensified global efforts to contain infections .

For its part, Russian State Nuclear Corporation ROSATOM, one of the leading energy and technology companies on the global scale, offers its latest developments for sterilization (i.e. the destruction of pathogens, spores, viruses) of medical devices. The company has already sterilised 24,416,893 medical masks as of May 19, as well as 334,500 portable lab kits to test for COVID-19 .

Unlike all other types of sterilization, this method has sufficient penetrating power, which allows it to process hermetically sealed products - the generated streams of accelerated electrons are able to penetrate the packaging of medical devices without violating its integrity, which eliminates the possibility of re-contamination of the product.

In addition, after processing the product with a stream of accelerated electrons, the product immediately becomes usable. This does not require degassing (unlike other sterilization methods) or other necessary actions, before actual use. This method of sterilization ensures environmental friendliness - there is no side chemical and other pollution during processing .

Yulia Kurashvili, Advisor to Director General of ROSATOM’s company – JSC Rusatom Healthcare (an integrator in the field of radiation technologies in medicine and industry), comments on new challenges in the use of nuclear technologies in medicine to be expected in the nearest future: “Medical devices are constantly evolving: their functionality is changing, they are becoming hybrid, the technologies and materials for their manufacture are changing. And viruses evolve too.

Therefore, I believe that specialists and medical sterilization technologies should always be “a step ahead”. At the end of the pandemic, the need for studies of the functional state of various organs and systems of the body of patients undergoing COVID-19 will increase. And only visualization based only on nuclear medical technologies and new radio pharmaceutical preparations will be able to provide such opportunities.”                                                                           

 

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