Energy

Energy (255)

Uganda Tops African Countries With Well-Developed Electricity Regulatory Frameworks

Uganda has for the third time in a row emerged as the top performer in this year's Electricity Regulatory Index Report published by the African Development Bank.

The East African country, along with Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya, the other top performers, have regulators with the authority to exert the necessary oversight on the sector. However, the overall electricity regulatory frameworks of African countries is poorly developed, and most countries experience major regulatory weaknesses.

The ERI, a flagship report of the African Development Bank, is a composite index which measures the level of development of electricity sector regulatory frameworks in African countries against international standards and best practice.

"The African Development Bank has been at the forefront of efforts to mainstream electricity sector regulation issues in Africa within the broader sector discourse, recognizing the importance of establishing robust legal and regulatory frameworks to support the financial sustainability of the sector and attract private sector investment," said Dr. Kevin Kariuki, Vice President, Power, Energy, Climate and Green Growth, at the African Development Bank.

The third edition of the ERI report was launched during the Digital Energy Festival of the Africa Energy Forum, on 5 November 2020. The event brought together more than 70 stakeholders in the energy sector, regulators, international organizations, and development finance institutions like Africa50 and the World Bank.

Wale Shonibare, Director for Energy Financial Solutions, Policy and Regulations, at the African Development Bank, said COVID-19 related restrictions had increased residential electricity demand and decreased industrial/commercial demand. This had resulted in shortfalls in the projected revenues of utilities.

"To address these challenges, regulators will be required to play an even more critical and central role post-Covid, to ensure that the sector recovers with minimal and controlled impact on consumers and utilities," Shonibare said.

Koffi Klousseh, Director of Project Development at Africa50, praised the ERI as a great tool for assessing the readiness of the electricity sector for private sector investments.

Main findings of the ERI 2020 report

  • 69% of countries surveyed have regulatory mechanisms in place to facilitate electricity access.
  • In 21 of the 36 countries surveyed, the utility is not involved in funding rural electrification. The government, NGOs and consumers do this.
  • In 90% of the countries surveyed, the Executive holds the power to appoint board members and heads of regulatory institutions who report to them. This removes the core of decision-making independence from regulators, who are subjected to subtle and direct political pressure to skew key regulatory decisions towards the political inclination of the government in power.
  • Most countries have legislation to deal with conflict of interest among commissioners and heads of regulatory institutions while in office. However, few have adequate mechanisms to regulate conflict of interest and other ethical issues, affecting the integrity of regulatory decisions.
  • Political authorities have significant influence on the finances of regulatory authorities. In many instances, laws establishing regulatory institutions do not clearly indicate sources of funds for the institution.

Other participants also shared views on the sector:

Ziria Tibalwa Waako, CEO of Uganda's Electricity Regulatory Authority: "Regulation is a catch-up game. If there are gaps, be happy to review your process and methodology."

Foibe Namene, CEO of Namibia's Electricity Control Board: "Regulatory independence is a balancing act between multiple stakeholders while maintaining high level of integrity in the regulatory processes and actions."

Peter Twesigye, Head of Electricity Regulation Programme, Power Futures Lab, at the University of Cape Town: "Regulators should support utilities through tariffs to finance investments in the backbone feeders with outage management systems that will enable them to monitor reliability and the quality of power on these feeders."

IRENA, GWEC Enhance Cooperation To Scale Up Renewables Globally

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) signed a cooperation agreement in order to join efforts aimed at increasing the adoption and deployment of wind and renewable energy worldwide.

This agreement was signed by IRENA Director-General Francesco La Camera and GWEC CEO Ben Backwell on the occasion of the Race to Zero Dialogues, a programme to accelerate progress by governments, industry and other key stakeholders to meet the Paris Agreement, convened by the High-Level Champions for Global Climate Action.

As shown in IRENA's Global Renewables Outlook report, a Paris-compliant future by 2050 requires transformative changes to policy, behaviour and international cooperation. Renewable technologies such as onshore and offshore wind, as well as energy efficiency measures, can deliver more than 90 per cent of the emission reductions needed, while providing net employment and economic gains in the process.

Both IRENA and GWEC recognise that rapid decarbonisation will require a variety of policy shifts and investments, including intensifying renewable energy commitments, resolving market and regulatory barriers, improving access to finance and expanding the pipeline of bankable projects. Around a third of all new renewable power capacity added in 2019 was from wind power and IRENA data suggests wind – together with solar – will dominate future capacity growth.

"Wind energy is a cornerstone of the global energy transformation and with evolving technologies and a strengthening economic case, it will continue to support the world's low-carbon growth agenda through to mid-century," said Francesco La Camera, Director-General at IRENA. "By blending the knowledge, capabilities and convening power of our two organisations, we can jointly work to address policy and investment barriers and create an enabling environment for wind energy."

Ben Backwell, CEO at GWEC added: "On behalf of the global wind industry, we look forward to strengthening our partnership and work with IRENA through the Climate Investment Platform and other important initiatives. It is more important than ever that intergovernmental institutions work collaboratively with industry in pursuit of shared sustainable development goals.

"There is no question that we must urgently take action to reduce carbon emissions and act collectively to slow the impacts of climate change; accelerating the development of renewable energy is one of the most effective ways to achieve these objectives. Wind energy, as a scalable, clean and affordable technology, will be critical to supporting countries, companies and other parties on the road to net-zero and a green recovery," he concluded.

Among other areas, the enhanced cooperation between IRENA and GWEC will focus on: strengthening wind energy project facilitation in the Climate Investment Platform; engaging the wind industry in Industry-Government Dialogues, Investment Forums and other arenas for knowledge exchange; and exploring open-source agreements and project templates for wind projects in emerging markets in order to mitigate legal risks and barriers. The parties agree to work collaboratively to minimise regulatory, legal and administrative barriers to investment in wind and renewable energy, and enhance international dialogues and actions on increasing the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

Five Key Factors For A Future-Oriented Digital Transformation Of Electric Power Enterprises

At HUAWEI CONNECT 2020, IDC and Huawei jointly released the white paper for the electric power industry — Building the Future-Ready Power Enterprise: Road to a Successful Digital Transformation.

In the white paper, IDC proposed a methodology for the transformation of electric power enterprises. This methodology supports and aligns with Huawei's digital transformation methodology. IDC and Huawei follow a similar approach with frameworks and blueprints to help organizations design their digital transformation priorities and set their agenda, which in turn enables power enterprises to deliver the business value of scale.

Electric Power Enterprises Urgently Need New Operating Structures and Business Models

The power industry has long faced disruption. Power enterprises are now facing multiple changes. Management will need new operating structures and business models if power enterprises are to remain key players in the energy ecosystem. As 2020 progresses, COVID-19 has introduced another dimension of change and disruption that business leaders in the power industry must tackle.

Hou Jinming, Deputy Director of the Technology Department of the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO) said that, "As the advance of global energy reform and energy Internet development, the power sector will take an entirely different shape.

It will be decarbonized, digitized, and intelligent." The implications of the change will impact the management, operations, services, and transaction modes of the electric power industry. Power enterprises must reconsider who the customer is and who the competitor is, a new breed of stakeholders and participants, and how the energy ecosystem works. This will mean new customer engagements, new business models, new competitors, more stakeholders and increased risks.

Increasing renewables, emerging power consumption devices, multiplying power grid connections, and the integration of energy, information, and transportation networks require power enterprises to systematically improve their response capabilities and the intelligence of their management systems and business processes.

This will allow power enterprises to better adapt to complex environments, and enable power systems to operate more securely, adaptively, flexibly, and efficiently. Therefore, high operation data analysis efficiency, rapid and efficient artificial intelligence (AI) decision-making capability, and full-process automation will be crucial to the survival of power enterprises.

Methodology: Five Stages of Digital Transformation of Electric Power Enterprises

To build the future power enterprise, IDC proposes the digital transformation methodology for the electric power industry.

IDC's maturity model is part of its digital transformation methodology that seeks to provide a framework for companies to build their roadmaps. According to the maturity model, the digital transformation of electric power enterprises is divided into five phases: adhoc, opportunistic, repeatable, managed, and optimized.

The factors most critical to the success of power industry digital transformations are as followed: 1. A single enterprise digital strategy; 2. Resolution to make the required organizational and cultural changes; 3. A long-term investment commitment to digital transformation; 4. A platform-based strategy; 5. An enterprise-wide data governance model.

Emilie Ditton, AVP of the Energy and Manufacturing Insights Group, IDC Asia Pacific, believes that modernization, digitalization, and transformation of the grid are an immediate requirement. The transformed digital grid will combine traditional centralized generation, large-scale distributed generation, and renewables as well as enabling visualized management and control of the complex power grid environment. Grid operations will transform from digital grid operations to smart grid operations. New business models will be established, and the power service mode and power grid management mode will be changed.

Huawei: Reliable Partner for Digital Transformation

Collaborating with its enterprise partners, Huawei implements comprehensive awareness, interconnection, and intelligence of various power terminals by integrating 5G, IoT, optical, IP, cloud, big data, and AI technologies into the power system. Through digital transformation, Huawei is committed to assisting customers develop coping strategies in dealing with industry challenges and seizing future opportunities.

Lu Yongping, Vice President of the Global Energy Business Dept of Huawei Enterprise Business Group, stated that Huawei is a reliable partner for digital transformation. Huawei will facilitate digital transformation of electric power enterprises through a variety of methods, including assisting in the understanding of their own status quo, the market, and the entire industry ecosystem.

Based on extensive digital transformation practices in the energy industry, Huawei has developed an energy ring — '1-2-3-2-1' — a digital transformation framework applicable to the energy industry, in aiding electric power enterprises realize the vision of their digital transformation goals.

Adhere to one transformation vision: Electric power enterprises should interpret 'digital transformation' as a corporate-level transformation strategy and an indispensable element of their overall strategy.

Create two assurance conditions: Develop data literacy levels of enterprises and employees, progress the cultivation of a digital and transformation culture, and build a talent team for digital transformation, supporting enterprises' digital transformation objectives.

Implement three key processes: Implement integrated management of planning, construction, and operations and ensure that digital transformation is progressing as outlined, so that an organization's transformation vision can be converted into enterprise value.

Build two core driving forces: Follow service and technology trends and seize opportunities in the future.

Build one basic platform: Build a fully connected digital platform to provide solid foundations for the digital transformation of businesses.

Huawei's digital transformation methodology is similar to that of IDC, and they complement each other. Both parties believe that digital transformation steps and frameworks need to be planned and established to help electric power enterprises design their digital transformation priorities and set their agenda, which will enable power enterprises to deliver business value of scale.

Hu Hao, Chief Digital Transformation Officer of the Global Electric Power Industry of Huawei Enterprise BG, pointed out that the global energy industry is facing transformation. The traditional energy consumption structure centered on primary energy is gradually transforming to a new structure centered on secondary energy such as PV and wind power. This will drive the industry evolving towards decarbonized, clean, electrified, and distributed. During the transformation, Huawei will help power enterprises optimize management processes, reduce production costs, improve operation security, and innovate business models. It will also help enterprise customers accelerate digital transformation to achieve the goal of building an intelligent energy system that features multi-energy synergy, ubiquitous connectivity, and intelligent interaction.

Renewable Energy Jobs Grow To 11.5m Worldwide

Renewable energy continues to bring socio-economic benefits by creating numerous jobs worldwide, according to the latest figures released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) today. The seventh edition of Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review shows that jobs in the sector reached 11.5 million globally last year, led by solar PV with some 3.8 million jobs, or a third of the total. 

"Adopting renewables creates jobs and boosts local income in both developed and developing energy markets," said IRENA's Director-General Francesco La Camera. "While today we see a handful of countries in the lead, each country can harness its renewable potential, take steps to leverage local capabilities for industrial development, and train its workers."

Last year, sixty-three per cent of all renewables jobs were recorded in Asia, confirming the region's status as a market leader, the new report reveals. Biofuels jobs followed closely behind solar PV, reaching 2.5 million. Many of these jobs are in the agricultural supply chain, particularly in countries like Brazil, Colombia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, with labour-intensive operations. Other large employers in the renewables sector are the hydropower and wind industries, with close to 2 million and 1.2 million jobs, respectively.
 
Renewables jobs have shown more inclusion and a better gender balance than fossil fuels. The report highlights that women held 32 per cent of total renewables jobs, as opposed to 21 per cent in fossil fuels sectors. 

Although precise estimates remain scarce and absolute numbers are small for now, off-grid renewables are creating growing employment, led by solar technology. Decentralised renewable energy can also propel productive uses in rural areas. This job multiplier effect can be seen in farming and food processing, healthcare, communications, and local commerce. 

Comprehensive policies, led by education and training measures, labour market interventions, and industrial policies that support the leveraging of local capacities, are essential for sustaining the renewables jobs expansion. 

The 2020 edition of the Annual Review highlights promising initiatives to support the education and training of workers. Such efforts revolve around vocational training, curricula-building, teacher training, the use of information and communications technology, promotion of innovative public-private partnerships, and recruitment of under-represented groups such as women. 

Policymakers must also prioritise reskilling for fossil fuel sector workers who have lost or are at risk of losing their livelihoods. Many have considerable skills and expertise to contribute to a reoriented, clean energy industry. 

The world has seen encouraging growth in renewables jobs. But it can bring about much larger employment by adopting a comprehensive policy framework that drives the energy transition. Never has the importance of such a push been clearer than at this momentous juncture. Even as the world is still dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, humanity receives near-daily reminders of what lies in store if we fail to address the gathering climate disruptions. 

The need to chart a different course is undeniable, as are the benefits to be reaped. IRENA's recently-released Post-COVID Recovery Agenda found that an ambitious stimulus programme could create up to 5.5 million more jobs over the next three years than a business-as-usual approach. Such an initiative would also allow the world to stay on track for creating the 42 million renewables jobs that the agency's Global Renewables Outlook projects for 2050.

Electricity Tribunal Gets Substantive Registrar

The Electricity Disputes Tribunal (EDT) has been fully constituted following the appointment of Ms. Sylvia Cheptoris as a substantive Registrar, a statement from the ministry of energy and mineral development said.

Cheptoris was recently handed the instruments of power by the Chief Registrar of Courts Mr. Tom Chemutai at the High Court in Kampala. The tribunal’s work has been on a standstill for almost a whole year operating without a substantive Registrar who is mandated to manage the administrative affairs.

The EDT was established by the Electricity Act in 1999 after the liberalization of the power sector to hear and determine electricity related complaints.

Mr. Charles Okoth Owor, the chairperson of the Tribunal welcomed the move to have a fully constituted EDT insisting that a growing economy generates a myriad of business disputes, which may require such specialized tribunals.

“To facilitate a fast, and efficient resolution of industry related disputes, we need such tribunals. Unresolved disputes lead to long delays in growth as business comes to a standstill awaiting justice”, said Owor.

Cheptoris, 38, is an experienced counsel with a 10 years’ experience in the legal profession as a state attorney.

German Energy Investors Have A Bright Future In A Post-Covid 19 Africa

On Thursday, the Germany-Africa Business Forum (GABF) is organizing an exclusive webinar to encourage new deals between German and African public and private energy stakeholders. This is an extremely timely initiative. Covid-19 has accelerated several major trends and dynamics within Africa’s energy sector which are set to significantly increase the demand for German capital and technology on the continent.

Energy has been identified by most African governments and financial institutions as a key sector able to support Africa’s economic recovery post-Covid-19. In parallel, global trends toward a cleaner energy transition are now accelerating and Africa is no stranger to the game. The reshaping of the continent from 2021 onwards provides a great opportunity for German companies and technology to fight energy poverty in Africa and support the natural gas monetization and valorization drive from Mozambique to Senegal, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Tanzania.

“The African Energy Chamber is calling on Germany to work with African businesses to lower carbon emissions and support Africa’s path to a net zero future. From gas flaring to gas-to-power and cleantech, Germany has the capital and technology Africa needs to build an inclusive and sustainable energy future,” declared Nj Ayuk, Executive Chairman at the African Energy Chamber.

By engaging not only with African governments but with the continent’s entrepreneurs and private companies, German stakeholders can structure the deals who will ensure a successful future for the German-African energy cooperation. German technical know-how and technology is increasingly looked after when it comes to assessing climate change risks and opportunities in business planning, and supporting public policies embracing decarbonization.

Germany’s appetite for Africa has already translated into landmark projects and deals across the continent. In West Africa, Siemens is currently supporting Nigeria in raising its electricity capacity of 25GW under the country’s Presidential Power Initiative. Meanwhile, Voith Hydro and the Commerzbank recently joined Angola’s Caculo-Cabaça Hydropower hydroelectric project to support CGGC in completing the 2172MW power facility by 2024. An increasing number of German SMEs are also involved in landmark gas and power projects, including the Akinokien LNG receiving terminal in Equatorial Guinea.

“We need to foster a candid and constructive dialogue with a broad range of German and African stakeholders on investment, energy poverty, the creation of an enabling environment for private businesses and the implementation of free market policies that benefit the poor and emerging African middle class,” concluded Nj Ayuk.

Reduce Power Tariffs To Increase Electricity Access Amid COVID-19

By Patrick Edema

The government of Uganda set out priorities in 2006 which included transport, electricity generation and transmission, and defense. The focus on electricity was tied to its role in determining the success of other sectors, such as manufacturing, health, education, agriculture and infrastructure development. So, the question is, has electricity access increased to 75% of households in the country?

As of December 2017, the Uganda Electricity Generation Company (UEGL) generated about 380 megawatts, or about 74 kilowatt hours (kWh) per person. The reason why Uganda’s generation capacity still remained low was mainly due to the fact that the country’s hydroelectric power potential remained largely untapped, with 317 MW of power produced compared to a total potential of 2,000 MW.

The 2014 Uganda National Population and Housing Census notes that only 20.4% of households use electricity as their main source of energy for lighting. The report notes that 51.4% of urban households and 10.3% of rural households used electricity as the main source of energy for lighting. Electricity use for cooking is much lower, at 1.9% nationally, with 4.4% of urban households and 1.2% of rural households using electricity to cook.

By focusing on lighting, the government may be taking credit for the work of other actors. The same census data shows that 15.5% of households in total are actually connected to the grid, with 4.9% connected to other sources of electricity, most likely solar power. According to the Uganda Renewable Energy Policy 2007, the total new installed photovoltaic capacity for solar home systems was estimated to be 200 kilowatts produced, with the expected generation for 2017 estimated at 700 kilowatts.

And according to ERA report of December 2019, the installed electricity generation further increased to 1177MW following the commissioning of the Isimba Hydro Power Plant that added 183 MW to the National Grid. The Isimba Hydro Power Project was developed by the Government of Uganda with 85% of the project costs financed with a loan from the EXIM Bank of China, and 15% financed by the Government of Uganda.

Following the commissioning of the Isimba and Karuma Hydropower Plants, a critical factor for the reduction of Electricity End-User Tariffs will be growth in Demand for or Consumption of electricity. The generation Tariff for Isimba Hydropower Plant is lower than the Weighted Average Generation Tariff. Increase in electricity consumption for both Domestic and Industrial customers will lead to increase in dispatch/utilisation of Isimba Hydropower Plant. This will result into reduction in the Weighted Average Generation Tariff and therefore reduction in the End-User Electricity Tariffs.

Although the government of Uganda has initiated several measures aiming at increasing electricity access such as, in August 2018, the Government of Uganda launched the Electricity Connections Policy to accelerate access to electricity across the country. The policy targets to promote mass electricity usage by all Ugandans with a connection target of 300,000 Domestic Customers per year.

This has however, not been able to achieve its expectations of increased number of households connected to the national grid due to the unaffordability of electricity. This is the right time for the government of Uganda to come up and save her citizens who are already being hit by the covid-19 pandemic. I therefore call upon Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA) and the responsible ministries to come on board and improve the electricity sector by reducing the high rates of power bills for the citizens.

Patrick Edema

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Energy Ministry Must Change Electricity Sector Investment Strategy To Reduce Financial Losses

By Cyrus Kabaale

Following the commissioning of 42 MW Achwa II hydropower plant in October 2019 in the absence of a power evacuation medium, today government is losing Shs39.4bn from the 2020 energy ministry’s Shs2.6trn budgetary allocation for paying for the deemed energy. 

The rising debt is due to government’s failure to secure land for the construction of a transmission line to evacuate power to the national grid.

According to Uganda Electricity Transmission Company (UETCL), it’s noted that the construction of evacuation lines for Achwa plant will be ready in two years. The delay is due to government failure to secure land for construction of transmission lines to evacuate power generated at the plant.

Therefore, the government could lose more than the initial cost Shs290bn investment for the establishment of the project. If multiplied with the average rate of US cents 9.83 per kilowatt-hour charge, the government will pay about Shs224trn as deemed energy in two years.

Indeed, the revelations about Achwa commissioning without securing land for transmission lines raise fresh questions about the 600MW Karuma project and other hydropower plants. The initial cost of the Karuma project was $ 1.7 billion but has been delayed twice and extended its construction time from the original planned 5 years to now over 7 years.

Referring to new vision June 23, 2020, confidential document, it indicates that each month of delay costs the government $12m (about Shs44bn) in expenditures and $17m (about Shs62.4bn) in lost generation revenue.

Consequently, a year of delay amounts to $144m (about Shs535.8bn) in expenditures and $204m (about Shs759bn) in lost generation revenue.

The government continues to sign bad Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) which does not guarantee the safety of its citizens. Its lack of transparency in the signing of PPAs for electricity projects has wrecked the Achwa, Karuma and other Hydro Power Project that was hoped to guard against a return to longs periods of load shedding due to insufficient power generation.

Without transparency, Ugandans will continue suffering from both insufficient power and expensive tariffs. In the end, they will not benefit from national, regional and global initiatives such as the Rural Electrification, the SE4ALL initiatives and others intended to help the increasing power access, reliability and affordability to drive socio-economic development.

Today, electricity access for lighting and other simple services stands at 22% and over 95% of Ugandans continue to rely on biomass (firewood and charcoal) for their cooking needs because they cannot afford to use electricity beyond lighting, charging phones and other simple tasks.

Moreover, Uganda has surplus hydro-electricity. Of the 1,2000MW installed capacity in Uganda, citizens consume approximately 700mw. The government will soon commission the 600mw Karuma hydropower plant. 

Ugandans are already paying high power tariffs because of the excess power that is being produced and is not consumed. Citizens should not be further exploited by making them pay for deemed power which is not required.

In addition to the above, the government continues spending on paying thermal power companies such as Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx as capacity charge for contributing to the national grid.

As you may recall, Uganda’s government entered into PPA with thermal energy generator Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx to supply power to the national grid in 2005 when the country suffered a power deficit following a prolonged drought.

The fact that Ugandans continue to pay for expensive power in the face of surpluses is highly exploitative and unfair.

We, therefore, request the MEMD to do the following;

  • The MEMD should urgently conduct a new assessment for all the Shs89.4bn invested as deemed energy for the 42mw Achwa hydropower and cost implication of delay commissioning of the hydropower dam on socio-economic development of the country.
  • The government should also assess the reasons why in the region and world as a whole, Uganda continues to produce high power tariffs that do not benefit Ugandans.
  • Enabling parliament and public access to power Purchase Agreements (PPA) signed by the government with Jacobsen and Electro-Maxx to explore options of cancelling the agreements without costs to the taxpayer.

Failure to adhere to the above demands will result in legal action against the government.

For God and My Country

Cyrus Kabaale is a youth champion and works with Africa Institute for Energy Governance (AFIEGO)

Rosatom SMR Solutions For Sub-Saharan Africa

There has been widespread interest in the development of civil nuclear programs in Africa. Nuclear power plants are cheaper to run than their coal or gas rivals even if we factor in spent nuclear fuel management and disposal.

Other important advantage is regularity of nuclear power supply: contrary to renewable source of energy which are dependable on the weather conditions.

Africa, and Sub-Saharan Africa in particular, has never been viewed as a robust market for nuclear power. With the emergence of small modular reactors (SMRs) technology, nuclear increases its chances to be considered as a feasible option to address regional energy needs in a low carbon and stable energy generation with predictable costs.

SMRs offer unique benefits such as easy grid connection, flexibility in terms of placement, multipurpose application and possible integration with renewables. They can be a good alternative to diesel generators providing reliable power supply and preventing harmful emissions at a competitive price. One more advantage is that they offer lower capital investment which can be crucial point while taking a decision of their deployment.

The latest developments of in this area feature Russian RITM series SMR designed for nuclear icebreakers, land-based small NPPs, and floating nuclear power plants. It is based on times proved pressurized water reactor (PWR) technology and Rosatom 400 reactor-years of experience in operation of small modular reactors.

This advanced technology incorporates all the best features from its predecessors – ship reactors. Rosatom has already constructed six RITM series reactors by now. RITM-200 reactors have already been manufactured and installed on Arktika, Sibir and Ural nuclear icebreakers. The technology has proven its efficiency and ultimate safety throughout all stage of the life cycle including radioactive waste management.

At present, Rosatom is working on the optimized version of the floating nuclear power plant based on RITM series reactors. Recently in May 2020, the Russian nuclear state corporation has fully commissioned its first floating nuclear power plant Akademik Lomonosov with two KLT-40 reactors that in a pair produce up to 77 MW of electricity. KLT-40 is a predeсessor of RITM series SMR. FNPP Akademik Lomonosov is the northernmost nuclear power plant in the world that provides electricity to the isolated Chaun-Bilibino network in Pevek, Chukotka, Russia’s Far East. 

“We are working hard to do our part in delivering the great stories from our industry, to highlight its true potential to become a catalyst for sustainable development in Africa. We all understand that nuclear will play a vital role in achieving the United Nations sustainability goals not only in Africa but across the globe,” noted Ryan Collyer, acting CEO Rosatom Central and Southern Africa speaking at the Africa Energy Indaba Forum in Cape Town (South Africa) earlier this year.

 

 

Crane Management Services Issues COVID-19 SOPs As Arcades Plot Comeback

Crane Management Services (CMS), a Ruparelia Group property managing agency, has issued Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to all tenants occupying all their buildings in Kampala.

The move by Crane Management Services has come at a time when commercial properties owners in Kampala are pressurizing the government to allow them to reopen their buildings for business after 3 months of COVID-19 lockdown.

Crane Management Services Managing Director, Rajiv Ruparelia, addressing a press conference on Friday said that they put at all their properties measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus like hand washing basins, temperature checks and ensure everyone wears a face mask.

”COVID-19 is not going to disappear soon. So, the question is how do we operate within its framework? And the measures we have put in place are quite simple; We have already ordered for many handwashing stations that will be placed at every entrance of the building,” Rajiv said.

“There will be automatic sprays that you put your hands under and the soap will come under. So, you will be able to ensure that very bacteria on your hands is killed and neutralized,” he added.

“What we will do is actually that we will control the entrance and exit points. We will set up checkpoints where you wash your hands, where temperature checks are done and we will deploy more security personnel, to ensure that everybody is checked before entering or exiting the building,” he explained.

Rajiv who emphasized that they will also ensure that everybody wears a face mask and observes the social distancing reiterated that will also control the number of people in the arcade at any one time.

He also noted that they will work hand in hand with their tenants to ensure that this is all observed and followed religiously because it is in their interest as landlords and tenants to start opening up the buildings so that the survival of the tenants can start.

“This way, tenants can start supporting their families again because they have been closed for the last four months and they have no other source of income, which is going to create a bigger threat to us and to the economy at large,” Rajiv said.

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