Energy (151)

EU Reinforces Global Energy Transformation

Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Adnan Z. Amin, has welcomed the European Union’s (EU) decision to increase its renewable energy target from 27 per cent to 32 per cent by 2030, highlighting that the move reinforces the EU’s position at the forefront of energy transformation and reflects the new economics of renewable energy.

Responding to the announcement made by the European Commission today, Mr. Amin said EU’s decision to increase its renewable energy target from 27 per cent to 32 per cent by 2030 is a move that consolidates Europe’s position at the forefront of the global energy transformation, and establishes a positive decarbonisation pathway in line with its commitments under the Paris Agreement.

“It is also recognition that the new economics of renewable energy have propelled it to the forefront of energy policy and investment decision making as governments around the world look to address long-term climate and economic agendas. Our renewable energy roadmap analysis, delivered to the European Commission earlier this year, identified that higher shares of renewable energy in the EU were cost-effective and would have a net positive economic impact.

“This ambitious and achievable new strategy will drive significant additional investment activity, creating thousands of new skilled jobs and improving health and wellbeing whilst decarbonising the European energy system. We welcome the decision and believe it can act as a source of encouragement to global policymakers, and as a clear reminder of the centrality of renewable energy to both economic prosperity and climate stability.”

In February, IRENA presented a report entitled ‘Renewable Energy Prospects for the European Union’ – at the request of the European Commission, outling the EU’s cost effective potential to increase its share of renewables to 34 per cent by 2030 with a net positive economic impact.

Kenya's Amu Power Signs Clean Coal Technology Agreement With GE

Gulf Energy, the developer of the 1050Mw Lamu Coal Power Plant (Amu Power), the largest private sector led infrastructure project in East and Central Africa, entered into a Clean Coal Technology agreement with General Electric (GE) that will see the plant use GE's Ultra-Supercritical Clean Coal Technology making it one of the most technologically advanced coal fired power plants in the world.

Amu Power is the special purpose company that will own and operate the 1,050 MW coal fired power plant in Lamu County, Kenya, under the Public Private Partnership ("PPP") framework.

The Agreement will also see GE through its affiliates acquire a stake in the equity of Amu Power, subject to obtaining regulatory, board and lenders' approval. Under the Agreement, GE Power will design, manufacture and deliver its market-leading Ultra Super-Critical clean coal technology components (boiler and steam turbine generator) and air quality controls systems for the Lamu Coal Power Plant.

In a briefing to H.E President Uhuru Kenyatta at State House following the signing, the parties informed H.E the President that GE's Ultra-Supercritical technology will guarantee a clean environment through elimination of emissions, and lower the overall cost of power generation in the country.

The parties further noted that upon completion, the Lamu Coal Fired Power Plant will be the single largest Independent Power Producer (IPP) in the region and will account for up to 30% of power generation capacity in Kenya.

Francis Njogu, Amu Power Managing Director said, "This is truly a historic moment for Kenya and the East African region as a whole. We are confident that this partnership forged today will go a long way to position Kenya as an Industrial hub in the continent. Kenya has been looking for ways to enhance its generation mix to provide the most efficient, least-cost and reliable power in a sustainable manner; and the technology offered by GE gives us a unique opportunity to achieve this ambition."

The Lamu Coal Fired Power Plant will be a key player in supporting the realization of the Government of Kenya's (GOK's) 'Big Four' agenda, specifically in the manufacturing sector by providing steady, reliable and affordable power. The sector's growth will create new employment opportunities every year that the Kenyan workforce will benefit from.

Statistics show that connections to the national grid grew to 6.2 million in 2017 up from one million in 2010. As the country transitions into a middle-income economy by 2030, supply of adequate, reliable and affordable energy is a key foundation.

George Njenga, the Commercial Leader, GE Steam Power, Sub-Saharan Africa said, "Kenya's energy demands are growing as the government seeks to implement its critical 'Big Four' agenda. GE Ultra Super-Critical Coal Power technology will deliver cleaner, affordable, reliable and efficient solutions as well as critical power to help meet the country's growing needs."

GE's Ultra Super-Critical technology keeps raising the efficiency bar of coal power plants and has reached 47.5% efficiency in the world's most efficient coal power plant in Germany. GE Power's best in class power generation technology is currently in operation in new generation steam plants like the Manjung 4 in Malaysia as well as future plants like the Hassyan in Dubai.

The Lamu Coal Fired Power Plant project is part of the GOK's vital and crucial initiative in the energy sector to address present electricity affordability and reliability challenges. At a tariff of US Cents 7.81/kWh, the Lamu Coal Fired Power Plant will provide base-load capacity at the lowest non-subsidized tariff in the country.

Additionally, it will have the flexibility to profile the generation according to the daily demand pattern, compared to other power production technologies that are inflexible; reducing generation costs by 12% - 36%.

Muloni Ties Up Chinese Nuclear Deal

Uganda signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) to explore peaceful application of nuclear technology in medicine, agriculture and industry.

Uganda’s energy minister Irene Muloni and CNNC Chairman Wang Shoujun put pen to paper in Beijing, China. Shoujun expressed willingness to share their nuclear energy experience with Uganda.

He said the use of nuclear technology would help Uganda raise its infrastructure capabilities and improve its people's living standards. On her part Muloni said nuclear power development is part of Uganda’s long-term energy development plan.

She said that CNNC's capabilities in the nuclear and non-nuclear sectors were in line with Uganda's industrial development needs and that the country was willing to conduct in-depth cooperation with the company.

Media reports in China sais the text of a draft MoU between Uganda and CNNC was agreed upon during a May 2017 visit of a delegation from Uganda led by Prisca Boonabantu, undersecretary in the Ministry of Energy.

Boonabantu visit to China was followed up by a similar one by the Chinese in March 2016. Boonabantu noted that Uganda's Vision 2040 roadmap incorporated the development of nuclear energy as part of the country's future energy mix.

In June 2017, Uganda's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development signed a similar MoU on nuclear energy cooperation with Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom for purposes it described as peaceful.

Mauritius – A Gateway For Investment Into Africa's Energy Sector

Mauritius has enjoyed numerous accolades within the business community of late. In 2018 it was ranked 25th out of 190 countries in the World Bank 'Ease of Doing Business' report, taking first place in Sub-Saharan Africa. It also came out as top African country in the World Economic Forum's 2017-18 Global Competitiveness Index.

The country's location in the Indian Ocean has long positioned it as an attractive stepping stone for investments with China and Asia- the country has been the largest source of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India for many years- but many other factors have contributed to Mauritius' growing reputation as a stable & competitive investment hub. Investment Protection & Promotion Agreements (IPPAs) and Double Taxation Treaties together with economic & social stability, robust communications and a skilled workforce have emboldened investors to take advantage of this offshore financial hub.

Nearly 40% of all Africa-focused private equity funds were domiciled in the country in 2014, with statistics indicating that Mauritius' growing financial sector is responsible for a significant portion of all FDI flowing into Africa.

The country boasts 100% energy access with plans to increase renewable sources to account for 35% by 2025. The Mauritius Renewable Energy Agency (MARENA) was set up in 2016 to oversee the development of renewable projects.

These benefits led to Mauritius being chosen as the next location for the Africa Energy Forum (, celebrating its 20th anniversary from 19-22 June 2018. The Forum brings together 2,000 decision-makers from the energy value chain to form partnerships and make decisions at the highest level on how to move the sector forward.

The Forum's theme 'Reflections on the last 20 years' will celebrate the achievements of the AEF community over two decades. Participants who supported the first years of the conference will return to reflect on how the sector has evolved and discuss developments likely to shape the industry over the next 20 years. Leading organisations will document outcomes to assemble a reference document with action points for the next two decades.

What Is Renewable Energy And Why Is It So Important?

By Anna Kucirkova

Since the energy crisis of the 1970’s, Americans have been searching for ways to use our natural resources safely and efficiently. And since the release of the documentary An Inconvenient Truth in 2006, buzzwords and catchphrases like global warming, climate change, renewable energy, and sustainable energy have become a part of the American lexicon.

But what does all this really mean? What is science and what is hype?

Regardless of political passion or environmental principles, everyone can agree that treating our ecology with respect is the key to maintaining our ecosystems.

Understanding renewable energy, as well as why it’s so important, is the starting place for maintaining our earth.

What is Non-Renewable Energy?

First, let’s talk about the difference between renewable and non-renewable energy. By definition, non-renewable energy has a finite supply, meaning one day, we will run out of the source.

The majority of non-renewable energy sources are fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas. The key element in fossil fuels is carbon. Fossil fuels formed from 300-360 million years ago, and its this obscenely long period required for the creation of fossil fuels in nature that makes them non-renewable.

Fossil fuels all formed essentially the same way. The landscape of the Earth in prehistoric times was completely different, with widespread, shallow seas and swampy areas dominating the landscape. The plant life in the ancient wetlands absorbed energy from the sun and drifted to the bottom of the wetlands upon death.

After millions of years of heat and pressure from the seabed, fossil fuels were formed (coal, oil, and natural gas). Today, we tap into underground reservoirs of these fossil fuels in all parts of the world.

When we use fossil fuels, by burning, they produce carbon compounds like carbon dioxide and other gases that damage the environment. Air, water and land pollution can all be effects when we use fossil fuels.

Understanding Non-Renewable Sources of Energy

Humans have known that fossil fuels are a valued source of energy for generations, and we use them for two primary reasons:

  • We can inexpensively extract them from the Earth
  • They are easily transportable to any location

But, when fuels like oil and coal burn, they release pollutants into the ecosystem, with each of the fossil fuels having its own distinctive footprint.


Humans mine coal in one of two ways: surface mining and underground mining.

Surface mining reaches coal located near the earth’s surface, but getting to that coal creates problems in the environment. Trees and soil are removed by the mining companies, which can and will destroy entire habitats.

Underground mining harvests coal located deep within the Earth, sometimes up to 300 meters (1,000 feet) deep. Miners move through the mineshafts on elevators, operate heavy machinery to cut the coal out of the Earth, and send the coal to be processed above ground. Miners do dangerous work. Slicing coal from the earth releases dangerous gases, which can cause explosions or endanger miners with polluted air.

Nearly one-half of the electricity in America is derived from coal. When coal burns, it leaves “byproducts” that we also use to make cement, roads, plastics, and other valuable items.

Oil (Petroleum)

Petroleum is found beneath underground rock formations, and there are some locations, even right here in America, where oil bubbles out of the ground. However, the majority of the earth’s oil is deep underground. In fact, it is so deep that we have to drill through the earth to bring it to the surface.

Oil rigs have the capability of extracting oil 24/7/365, and a successful oil rig can produce oil for decades. Offshore drilling, under the ocean floor, must be done from an oil platform.

After the oil has been taken out of the earth, it is refined. Oil contains lots of chemicals other than carbon and refining the oil cleanses it of these chemicals.

One-half of the world’s oil is refined to become gasoline. The remainder is processed and used in liquid products (nail polish or rubbing alcohol), or solid products (water pipes, shoes, crayons, roofing, vitamin capsules).

Natural Gas

Natural gas is also found in underground reservoirs a few hundred meters down, and it primarily consists of methane. There is such an abundance of natural gas underground that it is measured in million, billion, or trillion cubic meters. To get natural gas from the ground, companies often drill down into in rock formations where the gas is trapped.

Some companies, to harvest their veins of gas, use “hydraulic fracturing,” or fracking. Fracking uses high-pressure water that splits the rocks underground, and this splitting frees the natural gas stuck in the rock formations. For harder rocks, the companies send acid down the well to dissolve the rock.

Natural gas is primarily used for cooking and heating. Believe it or not, it can also be burned to generate electricity. Natural gas can also be transformed into a liquid, called liquid natural gas (LNG). While still a fossil fuel, LNG is much cleaner when burned.

The Problem With Fossil Fuels

More and more, we’re beginning to see that our dependence on fossil fuels is problematic.

First and foremost, we’re eventually going to run out of them. When that happens, we will absolutely need alternative ways to generate power.

Second, harvesting fossil fuels often creates huge amounts of damage to the environment. The more we rely on them, the more damage we end up causing to precious ecosystems.

Finally, burning fossil fuels releases huge amounts of pollutants into the atmosphere. We’re constantly pumping out toxic gases from our cars and factories, and these gases are depleting the ozone layer and contributing to global warming.

Clearly, we need an alternative.

What is that alternative? Renewable resources of energy.

Examples of Renewable Resources

Renewable energy is harnessed from natural processes which replenish themselves in a time that is equal to or faster than how quickly they are consumed. We can create usable energy from the sun, geothermal heat, the wind, hydropower, ocean resources, solid biomass, biogas and liquid biofuels.

Technologies and equipment have been developed over the past few decades to harness these natural resources. These renewable forms of energy can produce electricity, industrial heat, thermal energy, and alternative fuels without destroying the environment. The four most commonly used are solar, geothermal, wind, and hydropower.


There are currently two solar technologies that involve electrical or mechanical equipment – and they are becoming more common. Solar panels are used to heat air and water we use in buildings. Solar photovoltaic technology uses solar cells to convert sunlight into electricity.


Geothermal energy is captured from the heat stored under the earth’s surface or from the absorbed heat in the atmosphere and oceans. Geothermal energy can be harnessed from naturally occurring underground steam, which is processed into electricity.


Wind has kinetic energy that can be converted into mechanical energy or electricity. In parts of the country, immense turbines with large propellers have appeared as ‘wind farms’ located strategically where wind energy is predictable and close to existing electrical grids.


The natural flow of water also offers kinetic power that can harnessed as energy. Hydroelectricity is currently the dominant energy produced from flowing water. Just as wind energy is based on the air currents, in hydroelectricity, the water flow is directed at turbine blades, which spin and cause an electrical generator connected to the turbine to spin and generate electricity.

Why Renewable Energy?

We can see through our history with fossil fuels that the by-products of burning oil, coal, and natural gas are more dangerous to the environment than they are valuable. There are other fossil fuels (nuclear and biomass) that do not present the threats of burning oil, coal, or natural gases; however, they are far more expensive to produce.

Nuclear energy requires the use of Uranium 235 (U-235), which is incredibly rare. Though there are rich deposits in the United States, it is incredibly difficult to mine.

Biomass (burning of wood, corn, soy, or other plants) is only renewable if those who use them are good stewards of the land and continue producing them through planting trees, or farming corn or soy.

In an effort to encourage the population to seek out renewable resources for energy consumption, state governments, as well as the federal government, have established policies for renewable energy use, including monetary incentives.

One of these is a tax incentive for purchasing electric vehicles. In states with higher pollution rates, these vehicles are great options to reduce emissions that come from the burning of gasoline and pollute the air.

The Future of Energy

While many Americans are often befuddled or baffled by the energy debate, there are future changes that will help rebuild and repair the environment people have so critically damaged.

It is in everyone’s best interest to take advantage of renewable energy options and participate in the incentive programs that will help restore our land to one of cleaner air and water, and a thriving, natural landscape.

Renewable Energy Jobs Reach 10.3 Million Worldwide In 2017

The renewable energy industry created more than 500,000 new jobs globally in 2017, a 5.3 per cent increase from 2016, according to the latest figures released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

According to the fifth edition of Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review, launched at IRENA’s 15th Council in Abu Dhabi today, the total number of people employed in the sector (including large hydropower) now stands at 10.3 million globally, surpassing the 10 million figure for the first time.

China, Brazil, the United States, India, Germany and Japan remain the world’s largest renewable energy employers, representing more than 70 per cent of all industry jobs globally. Although growing numbers of countries are reaping the socio-economic benefits of renewables, the bulk of manufacturing takes place in relatively few countries and domestic markets vary enormously in size. Sixty per cent of all renewable energy jobs are in Asia.

“Renewable energy has become a pillar of low-carbon economic growth for governments all over the world, a fact reflected by the growing number of jobs created in the sector.” said Adnan Z. Amin, Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency.

“The data also underscores an increasingly regionalised picture, highlighting that in countries where attractive policies exist, the economic, social and environmental benefits of renewable energy are most evident,” continued Mr. Amin. “Fundamentally, this data supports our analysis that decarbonisation of the global energy system can grow the global economy and create up to 28 million jobs in the sector by 2050.”

The solar PV industry remains the largest employer of all renewable energy technologies, accounting for close to 3.4 million jobs, up almost 9 per cent from 2016 following a record 94 gigawatts (GW) of installations in 2017. China was estimated to account for two-thirds of PV jobs – equivalent to 2.2 million – representing an expansion of 13 per cent over the previous year.

Despite a slight dip in Japan and the United States, the two countries followed China as the largest markets for solar PV employment in the world. India and Bangladesh complete a top five that accounts for around 90 per cent of global solar PV jobs.

Jobs in the wind industry contracted slightly last year to 1.15 million worldwide. While wind jobs are found in a relatively small number of countries, the degree of concentration is lower than in the solar PV sector. China accounts for 44 per cent of global wind employment, followed by Europe and North America with 30 and 10 per cent, respectively. Half of the top ten countries with the largest installed capacity of wind power in the world are European.

“The energy transformation narrative is one of improving economic opportunity and a rise in social wellbeing as countries implement supportive policies and attractive regulatory frameworks to fuel industrial growth and sustainable job creation,” said Dr. Rabia Ferroukhi, Head of IRENA’s Policy Unit and Deputy Director of Knowledge, Policy and Finance.

“By providing policy makers with this level of detail about the composition of renewable energy employment and skills requirements, countries can make informed decisions on several important national objectives, from education and training, to industrial policies and labour market regulations,” continued Dr. Ferroukhi. “Such considerations will support a fair and equitable transition to a renewables based energy system.”

Chinese Hanergy To Light African Villages

China Clean Energy Company, Hanergy Group, launched a solar powered umbrella dubbed "Humbrella". The innovation, meant to light up African villages and provide a cost efficient and environmentally friendly solution compared to other sources of energy, was launched at a spectacular event on the 27th of April 2017 at the Hanergy Renewable Energy Exhibition Center, Beijing, China.

Humbrella launch could not have occurred in a more opportune time when the international community is striving to address climate change by implementing an ambitious global agenda with the objective of ensuring access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy for all by 2030.

In addition, on the upcoming Summit Meeting of the Forum on China Africa co-operation, efforts and goals are only re-enforced by the initiative. Ambassador Mamadou expressed his gratitude for the noble Corporate Social Responsibility act by the Chinese company, further stating his country's intention to foster even better relations particularly regarding partnerships with Chinese companies on renewable energy.

Hanergy Group Holdings is a multinational clean energy company with a wide range of mobile energy solutions, covering hydropower, wind power and solar power. Thin-film solar power research and development has been the main focus at Hanergy since 2009. Nine years later, the Humbrella launches, providing practical solutions to the ever persistent problem of unstable power supply in Africa.

The Humbrella converts sunshine and stores as much as 4000 mAh electricity, ensuring a 10 hour high quality reading time for children or charging more than 10 3000 mAh smartphones not to mention the 4 USB ports strategically located on the shaft of the umbrella that could be used to plug in lamps small fans, electric insect repellants among others.

The product is not only efficient but also environmentally friendly as it leverages thin-film solar power generation to directly convert solar energy into electricity replacing diesel generators thus achieving "zero emission' energy.

Vice President of Hanergy Group, Mr. Lyu Yuan shed light on the noble venture he spearheaded as a result of the challenges he encountered during his seven year stay in Africa, "As you know Hanergy has the best film technology and we thought we just want to use this technology for our local friends, you know find their needs.

We pushed R and D (Research and Development) people and also marketing people to find the way." This resulted in the "Lighting Africa" project's product, Humbrella that combines the world's highest conversion efficiency thin-films solar panels with the common umbrella.

The Humbrella combines four functions including off-grid power supply, electricity storage, night lighting and terminal charging. The 2.7 meters wide and 8.8 kg heavy innovation is bound to offer a revolutionary alternative to African homes that lack the vital power supply for duties around the homestead however most important to enable the smooth studying of the children.

President of Hanergy Global Application Product Development Center, Mr. An Rongbang, addressed one major concern which is the capability of the Humbrella to be used on cloudy days, with little to no sunlight. "Under the weak light our solar panel can still work. If there is a cloudy day, still there is light outside but the amount of electricity will reduce but still be produced. At the same time if you want to use huge electricity, both solar panel and stored battery will work together."

The world's largest clean energy company, Hanergy Group, concussively pledged to roll out over one million Yuan worth of  Humbrellas to children in Africa within a time span of 2 months and expressed its excitement to better foster the China- Africa relations, changing the world's thin film solar energy at a time.

Tax On SACCO’s Will Reduce The Use Of Clean Energy

Last week Government has decided that all SACCOs should start paying tax ,this will not only reduce the number of people joining and saving with SACCO’s but to also limit the members from having a access to energy such as solar. 

Most SACCO’s gave their members solar loans as a way of improving the standard of living of its members so if the tax is imposed on them , they will no longer get the loans since the profits will be spent on paying income tax at the rate of 30 per cent on their profits, SACCOs are also expected to collect withholding tax on the dividends they pay to their members therefore the rural communities will still be having challenges of accessing energy since the only cheap way that their had got was through SACCO’s savings which were used to buy systems for members that wanted them and would pay in small installments.

The women will also suffer most because it them who strive hard to see that their school going children are living in a good condition of have access to light which is then used by the children in revising their books ,the introduction of tax on SACCOs will increase the use of fuels in lighting which are dangerous to our health and are a great risk to causing fire accidents.

Some people have argued that taxing SACCOs is not right, looking at the role they play in alleviating energy poverty in Uganda .I agree considering the merits of SACCO’s in proving cheap access to energy that is to say lighting, phone charging, cooking (solar cookers) which are given to their members, the taxation will not only affect the SACCO’s but it will affect Uganda as whole since we can’t elevate from to the middle income country when energy access is still very poor.

Edwin Mumbere

Field Officer-Africa Institute for Energy Governance

Students Get GE Power, Eskom Bursaries

GE's Steam Power business in collaboration with ESKOM, South Africa's power utility company, has awarded needs-based bursaries worth up to 30 Million rands to sixty students from the Mpumalanga province.

The bursaries which will run for a period of four years, will cover accommodation costs, books and a living stipend. Eskom, on their part, has donated laptops to each of the bursary recipients.

"GE's Steam Power business believes firmly in supporting the South African government's commitment to skills development and we are proud to be a key participant of this initiative.

We understand the importance of ensuring that the future generation of engineers, technicians and scientists have access to the training and support that they need to develop and contribute to the development of the country" said Lee Dawes, General Manager, GE Steam Power in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The 60 students who are from Ehlanzeni, Gert Sibande and Nkangala district respectively, will study at more than 10 higher learning institutions across the country.

"The future of the African continent is reliant on skills especially in science, technology, engineering and mathematics and these bursaries will ensure great progression of empowering the youth of Mpumalanga", said Nthabiseng Kubheka, GE Steam Power Project Director at Kusile Power Plant.

"This initiative is one of many programs that GE's Steam Power business is implementing to empower the youth with skills especially in communities where we work" she added.

Speaking at the awards ceremony, the Executive Mayor of the Nkangala District, Cllr Linah Malatjie said "We commend you for a job well done and encourage you to maintain your spirit of hard work, dedication and commitment.

We are planting a seed towards ensuring an improved level of the graduate professional base in the district. We will achieve this through ensuring that education remains at the apex of our priorities in moving our district forward, and this bursary initiative reflects this commitment."

GE Power's Steam Power business and the South African government, through the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative South Africa (Asgi SA), have collaborated to establish a graduate development programme with 155 trainees in various fields of engineering in both Kusile and Medupi Projects and was awarded the Best Training Programme (Large Company) at the recently held Skills Development Summit in Johannesburg.

GE's Steam Power is committed to supporting South Africa's power development priorities and building the next generation of South African engineers in the local communities where it operates.

Let Industrialists Adopt Renewable Energy Options To Save Our Environments

By Sandra Atusinguza

I recently got interested in a story published in the print media where a renowned Breweries company (NILE) came up with a plan to go green in industrialization through establishment of biogas plants at her industries.

If 90% of all industries would also adopt this, then uganda would be a better country to live in . It is true the electricity bills are very high and have pushed many out of business including small scale and medium enterprises/ companies as well as scaring way potential investors despite incentives like tax holidays due to the sustainability aspect.

It is worse in communities where power lines are seen as they Passover the houses but they cannot be connected to the grid, even those with power in their houses use it for lighting at night but when it comes to ironing they use charcoal irons and firewood or charcoal for cooking.

In order for our country to achieve the sustainable development goals and reduce green house gasses, there is much need for sustainable production and consumption patterns where more companies/ industries must adopt sustainable practices like reducing green house emissions, currently industries are at the centre of environmental pollution and degradation despite the existing measures.

Renewable energy options such as wind mills, solar energy, and bio gas must be heavily invested in to generate more power, government through Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development must also develop the thermal energy plants such as Kibiro in Buliisa district to help generate clean energy to the communities and attract investments as an alternative away from the hydro electricity. This will help reduce green house emissions effects to our environment and other costs.

Complied by Sandra Atusinguza

AFIEGO Field officer


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