Sugar Farmers Chase Government To Follow Law In Forming Regulations

Sugarcane farmers have put the proposed 2018 sugar regulations before the Parliamentary Committee on Delegated Legislation to rule on the regulations' failure to follow the law with rules that achieve the best results as proven by obligatory impact assessments.

The farmers report that the heavily bureaucratic regime proposed, which demands selling of cane to only one, designated mill with no free market and introduces new controls over seeds and prices - will be a final act of destruction for the industry.

"This is an industry still employing 250,000 farmers, and providing livelihoods for up to 6 million Kenyans, and yet we have been presented with regulations that will damage the industry beyond repair, and which have not even been subjected to the obligatory tests or rationale for their introduction," said Hon Saulo Busolo, Chairman of SUCAM, the Sugar Campaign for Change.

The farmers argue that the regulations need to be moved back to due process and undergo the mandatory level of analysis. This legally proscribed route is laid out in the Statutory Instruments Act that was enacted in 2013 to ensure new legislation is properly tested and does not wreak widespread damage.

"We have a clear and strong methodology in place to ensure that the government achieves positive and enhancing legislation for the nation. There is no reason or exception that means that suddenly 6 million Kenyans don't count enough to be honoured with basic legality from the government in regulating agriculture," said the chairman.

Kenya's sugar industry accounts for 15 per cent of agricultural GDP. However, the Ministry of Agriculture did not carry out the required cost benefit analysis on the proposed industry regime, or provide any alternative routes of comparisons, which is also a legal requirement.

This is despite the fact that the regulations propose zoning, which has without exception been damaging to sugar industries elsewhere in the world, and has now been comprehensively abandoned.

"In Australia, sugarcane production fell by nearly 3 per cent a year for five years under zoning, but rose by more than 13 per cent a year for the five years after zoning was lifted. There has been nowhere where zoning did not drive farmers out of sugar: it quite simply has the air of a deliberate move to create sugar shortages and move Kenya to imported sugar," said the chairman.

SUCAM's own cost / benefit analysis of different policy routes has found that a free market would deliver more than four times the gains for the industry and cut the cost to taxpayers to one eighth of the spend triggered by the new regulations.

"These are extremely costly regulations that will require large numbers of civil servants that taxpayers must fund to deliver only a fraction of the benefits of a free market," said Michael Arum, SUCAM coordinator

"This, thus, goes beyond a technical matter of failing to follow due process – although that, alone, is important. The result of failing to implement Kenyan law in formulating these particular regulations is set to hurt taxpayers and materially damage the fortunes of a huge community," he said.

The parliamentary committee meets next week with the regulations on the table, just days ahead of the government's intention to promulgate the regulations despite all pleas that they be subjected to the legal process of statutory formulation.

                      

Nahabwe's Book Will Help Startups To Grow - Sudhir

Businessman Dr. Sudhir Ruparelia has hailed Dr. Innocent Nahabwe for writing a book that will help young businesses and people. The successful businessman said he was respectful and amazed when he read the book.

Dr. Ruparelia was speaking Friday at Kingdom Kampala during the launch of Dr. Nahabwe’s book titled ‘Treating Small Businesses: Lessons From My Operations’. He was the Guest of Honour at the book launch.

“This book will give guidance to growth of startups and young people in business,” Dr. Ruparelia said. He described Dr. Nahabwe with whom they ‘have been in a long journey together’ as a consistent man who never fails on his obligations.

Dr. Ruparelia encourage Dr. Nahabwe and young people in business to think beyond their generation when doing business. He also challenged the audience on the importance of honesty and hard work.

“In business, it is important to keep your word and maintain consistency which is very, very important. Innocent has worked very hard and is a good man. In our nine years of working together, he has never defaulted on rent and has always paid on time. So, just like him, do not give up and believe in yourself” Dr. Sudhir said.

In the book, Dr. Nahabwe details his life’s journey, employment, starting out as an entrepreneur and how he has managed to overcome the challenges associated with doing business in an economy like Uganda’s.

He said he was overwhelmed by the response this book has received. “Jumia Uganda, who are selling the book online, recently called me to say that they have never sold as many copies for a Ugandan book in this short period of time! They are quite surprised – and so am I!” said an excited Dr. Nahabwe.

As a businessman, Dr. Nahabwe successfully established a number of business ventures including Club Amnesia, a night club; Kagwirawo Sports Betting; Galaxy FM, a radio station; Blue Cube, an SMSing services company.

He previously worked at Red Pepper newspaper as the advertising manager.

Minister Says UAE Ready To Employee 80,000 Ugandans

The Minister of Gender, Labour and Social Development Hajat Janat Mukwaya has revealed that the government of United Arab Emirates (UAE) is looking at giving employment opportunities to 80,000 Ugandans.

The UAE and Ugandan government in June signed memorandum of understanding to enable Uganda export labout to the Arab country. It is during this MoU signing that Mukwaya was noticed of the employment opportunities that Ugandans can take up.

“Immediately upon signing of the MoU, my colleague Minister H.E Nasser bin Thani Al Hamli challenged me as follows: “I need 80,000 Uganda workers in the next 12 months”. This is a huge undertaking and I urge the private sector to take up this offer,” Mukwaya said, adding that Uganda has already sent 40,000 workers to UAE.

With this opening, labour export companies like Premier Recruitment Limited, a subsidiary of Ruparelia Group of companies, are positioning themselves to be the link between Ugandan job seekers and employers in the Middle East.  Premier Recruitment Limited acquired a license from the ministry to export labour.

Since last year, Premier Recruitment Limited has been sending Ugandans to work in Qatar as house maids. Before sending the girls to work abroad, Premier Recruitment Limited offers them professional training.

The minister said the UAE has been the largest destination for the bulk of Ugandan migrant workers. Without an undertaking with the UAE Government, protection of migrant workers and their welfare has not been very easy. The unregulated business had given room to illegal recruitment, trafficking and exploitation.

“However, with an agreement in place, more organized and safe employment shall be created. The terms and conditions of employment of Ugandan worker in the United Arab Emirates shall be defined by an individual employment contract between the worker and the employer,” she said.

Victoria University To Hold Financial Literacy Training

Many individuals and aspiring entrepreneurs are stuck in a financial doldrums because of financial indiscipline and ignorance. This is so because many people lack the requisite training to be able to manage their finances.

To bridge this gap, Victoria University Kampala, is offering free financial literacy training to the public on 25th & 26th July, 2019. The training start 5pm - 7pm on each day. The venue will be the University premises on Jinja road, opposite Dewinton road in Kampala.

The financial literacy training will help attendees to ‘possess the set of skills and knowledge that allows you to make informed and effective decisions with all of you financial resources.’

Participants will get skills on informed and effective decisions on financial resources and also learn the main steps to achieve financial literacy. They will learn the skills to create a budget, ability to track spending, book keeping, techniques to pay off debts and effective financial planning.

Africa's Small-Scale Fisheries Critical To Food Security

Africa's small-scale fisheries play a critical role in global food security and must be supported with greater research and investment, say international and African experts.

Industry, NGO, government and academic representatives attended Murdoch University's second Blue Economy Symposium in Tunis last week as part of the Africa Blue Economy Forum (ABEF) 2019 and Murdoch University's Third Commission, a research investigation focusing on issues of public concern to Africa.

Fish accounts for more than one-fifth of the protein intake of African south of the Sahara and provides a livelihood to millions of people.

Murdoch University Adjunct Professor, Dr. Jeremy Prince, who attended the symposium and is contributing to the work the Third Commission in this area, said the collective value of the small scale fisheries of Africa was too big to ignore.

"It is critical that we stabilise and rebuild these fisheries to ensure both food security and the future of the blue economy," Dr Prince said. "The time to act is now."

Discussions at the Tunis symposium provided useful insights and contributions to the fine-tuning of the focus and narrative of the Blue Economy chapter of the Third Commission's report. A strong emphasis was placed on the need to highlight clear and innovative actions to effect lasting transformation of the blue economy in Africa.

Participants in the symposium called on all nations and international institutions to recognise the value and economic impact of small-scale fisheries in Africa. Their recommendations included:

  • Increasing investment to allow fishing communities to be more involved in the co-management of fisheries; and
  • Directly engaging with fishing communities to collect and share relevant data regarding the state and economic value of small-scale coastal fisheries.


About the Third Commission

In keeping with Murdoch University's commitment to quality research and teaching in public policy at both the national and international levels, Murdoch Commissions are exercises in applied public policy informed by rigorous scholarly research and analytical thinking. They bring together senior practitioners, international experts and thought leaders from Australia and around the world to work on pressing problems and issues of public concern.

The first Murdoch Commission, "Western Australia and the evolving regional order: challenges and opportunities" published its final report in November 2013 and the second Murdoch Commission, "Food security, trade and partnerships: Towards resilient regional food systems in Asia" released its report in December 2015.

Murdoch's Third Commission commenced in June of 2018 and is focused on six themes firmly rooted in the agenda for action identified by the Africa Progress Panel (APP) as being in need of more significant research attention, bolder policy innovation, faster implementation on the ground, enhanced political leadership and the conceptualisation and roll out of innovative research solutions.

These themes are:

  • Promoting Equity in the Extractive Industries: Managing the Extractives Industry in a more equitable, transformative and sustainable;
  • Boosting the Blue Economy: Better Monitoring, Governing and Harnessing of the Blue Economy;
  • Promoting Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production: Enhancing Sustainable Farming and Food Production and Nutritional Security;
  • Increasing Power and Light: Creating greater and more innovative access to Modern Energy (Electricity and Light) Fast; and
  • Cross-cutting themes of Women & Youth and Climate Change.

An overarching focus of the Third Commission is identifying small scale policy interventions that have potential to make big impacts. Additionally, it seeks to enhance Murdoch University's links with Africa in areas of the university's comparative advantage, including research and innovation expertise, strategic interest and networking capabilities within Australia, in Africa and globally. 

Victoria University Gets New Guild President

Serebe Mark, a Bachelor of Arts in Human Resource Management student, became the latest guild president of Victoria University Kampala. He replaces Mariah Peggy Nabunya who was the first female guild president of the Jinja Road based University.

Serebe said he wants to be the link between University's management and students. "I felt that the University was falling short on becoming a place for learning and acquiring knowledge because of small but yet very vital elements such as communication between management and students," he said.

The new guild president wants to ensure that new students are able to understand the constitution of the University as many issues have arose because students don’t know or understand these policies.

The University electoral commission general secretary, Aaron Kitratius Sempa, said the incoming guild president is yet to appoint candidates with whom he will govern other than those that were elected like the general secretary for the senate, senator faculty of health sciences, senator faculty of humanities and social sciences and senator faculty of business management.

The new guild president, Serebe Mark will have Sarah Musubika, a Bsc Public Health student as the general secretary, Zimbabwe’s Patience Mandiringa, a BSc Human Nutrition and Dietetics student as senator faculty of health sciences, Nalugya Victoria as senator faculty of business management and Martha Kenkwanzi as senator faculty of humanities and social sciences.

The student leaders were elected through a democratic process were students cast ballot papers to those that they preferred as leaders. Serebe becomes the University’s fourth guild president.

Think Again About Scrapping PLE, Victoria University Academic Registrar Tells World Bank

By M. G. Katusabe – Ssemwezi

The New Vision paper of Friday 31st May 2019 quoted the World Bank’s (WB) 13th Edition of the Uganda Economic update report, recommending to the Uganda Government to scrap the Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) and implement the policy on automatic promotion.

The WB’s advisor on global education was reported to have acknowledged that the recommendation was controversial and would not come easy. He said the recommendation would save millions of money and improve the quality of education.

The recommendation springs from the Bank’s finding that the rate of transition from primary to secondary has continued to drop. Repetition in lower primary has led to a bulge in the early classes.

The report argues that this leads to inefficiency and affects the quality of education. Therefore, the WB prescription is that PLE be scrapped and pupils should transit to another level – regardless of attained standard.

It is a shame that we cannot offer acceptable attainment standards to our children particularly those in rural Uganda. When I went to primary school in the 1960s, I started by writing on banana leaves with a pencil and even a sharpened stick could do the same job.

That is right; a stick. I then “transited” to writing on a slate. Another transition declared me worthy of writing in a half exercise book with a pencil until I graduated to using a whole exercise book and a fountain pen. The rest is history.

Why was this possible at Bunena Primary School, located in Kitagwenda County of Kamwenge District; a typical rural setting but is not the case today? Simple response – we had great professional dedicated teachers who cared for our education and who enjoyed their work. Their productivity was high.

A miserable teacher in poor working conditions cannot deliver quality education. Period. The sorry state of many of our schools is common knowledge. Just travel a few kilometres into a rural setting and verify this.

Back then, we worked hard to achieve; read, write, get the arithmetic correct and speak English. What is the scenario today? We have illiterate children if they are not among the privileged class going to good private or international schools. But WB recommends they should transit in that state! How will scrapping PLE and automatic transition help the child make progress?

WB recommends continuous assessment to replace PLE. This is a good thing to do but if those meant to implement it are not motivated it will come to naught.

The repeaters are blamed for attracting big bills and rendering teachers exhausted through over working but WB does not say why in the first place this condition exists. Uganda subscribes to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children (UNCRC) yet appears to be in cohort with the WB to violate the rights of children to education. If the children were able they would challenge the system and drug the perpetrators to the International Criminal Court for trial.

A child will be happy to learn from a conducive environment. These poor schools lead to apathy and disaffection of school leading to high dropout and decreasing rates of transition. Children have a right to meaningful education and not a right of simply walking through the system in a bid to improve transition rates.

Today we are in the e-world. How many of the repeaters have ever touched a computer button in our schools let alone the teachers. If the beneficiaries of our system cannot even, make good use of the traditional pen and paper what are their chances of surviving in the e- world? Provide adequate and appropriate teaching materials. If the WB cannot look into the question of funding the factors which lead to low transition, then the WB is taking this country for a ride in the wilderness.

The children are thirsty for real education. Therefore, WB if your intention is to help the child, think again: what leads to low transition?

The Author is the Academic Registrar of Victoria University

Mobile: 075 9 996107/070 2 511 615

The Air In Kampala Is Killing Us

By Diana Nabiruma

In the wee hours of June 19, 2019, I we left Kampala for Kikuube district. I travelled with work colleagues.
We travelled to Kikuube and thereafter Hoima district to participate in the public hearings on the Kingfisher oil project’s Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) study report.

The public hearings were organised by the Petroleum Authority of Uganda (PAU) in partnership with NEMA.
The hearings, which were held in Kikuube and Hoima districts respectively, were aimed at enabling NEMA ascertain that the information contained in the ESIA was accurate in addition to enabling the public submit their views.

The public’s views would assist NEMA in making a decision as to whether to issue an environmental certificate for the Kingfisher project, which is located on the shores of Lake Albert, or not.

I made some observations while in Kikuube and Hoima. These observations left me worried for the communities in the Bunyoro oil region in particular and Ugandan citizens at large.

I had a bit of a cold when we left. During our stay in the districts, the cold disappeared.
When I returned to Kampala however, the cold returned with a vengeance.

We first had to drop my work colleagues to Buwaate, which is near Kiira. When we were in Kungu, I got a painful wound in my nose.
The cold, which must have been soothed by the fresher air in Kikuube and Hoima district, had returned!
By the time we reached Ntinda on the way to my home, my chest had tightened and I was in pain. A mixture of the cold and pollution from car fumes had sparked off an allergic episode.

AIR POLLUTION AND ALLERGIC DISORDERS

How are the public hearings, my allergies and oil related? Because there is a link between oil production, oil consumption and respiratory illnesses.

The incidence of allergies and asthma in developing countries including Uganda is on the rise.

A 2018 study, Asthma and Allergic Disorders in Uganda: A Population-Based Study Across Urban and Rural Settings, showed that there was a “a high prevalence of allergic disorders in Uganda”. The researchers concluded that the disorders were expected to increase.

WHY?

Well, per the above-mentioned study which was conducted by John Hopkins University in collaboration with Makerere Lung Institute, and ACCESS Uganda, urbanisation was identified as the “primary driver of asthma and the strongest risk factor for any allergic illness [including allergic rhinitis and eczma]”.

The study examined 1,308 adults over the age of 35 and it found that while 9.8% of the sampled urban population had asthma, only 4.3% of the rural population did.

The study also found that the prevalence of allergic rhinitis and eczma was higher in urban population than in rural ones.

While 16.4% and 9.9% of the sampled urban population suffered from allergic rhinitis and eczma respectively, 7.8% of the sampled rural population suffered from both the above diseases. 

A 2019 study, Prevalence and factors associated with asthma among adolescents and adults in Uganda: a general population based survey, agreed with the above findings.

A total of 3,416 participants over the age of 12 were surveyed and the study found that urbanisation among other factors was associated with asthma.

URBANISATION

Why is urbanisation associated with allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczma? Pollution from car fumes among other sources has been blamed. Car fumes contain carbonmonoxide, carbondioxide, nitrogendioxide, sulphurdioxide, ozone, benzene and other compounds.

The above compounds have been linked to allergic disorders. For instance, ozone, nitrogendioxide, sulphurdioxide and soot exposure have been linked to worsening asthma symptoms.

The above compounds irritate the lining of the nose, throat and lungs, inflame the lining of the airways, reduce lung capacity and cause discomfort in breathing among others.

On the other hand, carbonmonoxide is a known poison that can kill with long-term exposure. It is linked to lightheadedness, confusion, dizziness, headache, weakness, confusion, disorientation and other symptoms which are seen in patients such as myself that suffer from allergic rhinitis.

Car fumes are generated from the burning of diesel and petrol. Burning of other fossil fuels results in the release of the above compounds as well.

OIL, ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS

In the ESIA report and during the Kingfisher ESIA public hearings, CNOOC (U) Ltd revealed that roads are going to be upgraded, the populations of Hoima Kikkube will increase, air pollution from car fumes and emergency flaring (burning of fossil fuels) are anticipated.

Urbanisation, increased motorisation and combustion of fossil fuels are among the risk factors for increased allergic disorders. The above factors are going to be at play in the Bunyoro oil region where the Kingfisher and Tilenga oil projects are located.

It is noteworthy that in oil producing countries such as the U.S. and Ecuador, adult onset asthma and other respiratory diseases have been reported. Potentially dangerous pollutants have also been found near oil and gas installations.

The population and especially communities near oil production facilities in Uganda are at risk of inhaling pollutants from oil and gas production activities. This increases their risk to respiratory diseases and allergic disorders.

The communities are largely poor and would have to rely on Uganda’s public health system to be treated.
Imagine Uganda’s limping health system being further burdened! I don’t want to sound morbid but truth be told, lives would be lost!

What can be done? Countries such as the UK, U.S., the Netherlands and others are increasingly promoting a clean energy system that promotes environmental conservation, health, gender equity and others.

Kiira Motors was invested in producing electric vehicles which are cleaner but they moved on to producing petrol cars. It would be best if the company invested its money and efforts in producing electric cars.

Further, government should promote investment in clean energy over oil. Yes, it’s said that oil will generate government revenue among other reported benefits.

However, government should look to promote the health and wellbeing of its people. We should promote life and sustainable economic activities such as tourism over oil monies.

Government should also promote environmental conservation through progressively investing in clean energy. Uganda was after all chosen to lead the global campaign on biodiversity conservation ahead of the Global Convention on Diversity that will take place in 2020. We can’t be the ones destroying the environment through oil exploitation.

The writer is the Senior Communications Officer of Africa Institute for Energy Governance.

 

Gov’t Must Facilitate Growth Of Local Brands

For local businesses to establish themselves and be able to compete on a global scale must receive the backing of their governments, Thebe Ikalafeng, the Chairman, Brand Africa and Brand Leadership Group, told this news website in Kampala.

Ikalafeng was in Kampala on Thursday to announce the results of the Most Admired Brands in Uganda. This is part of the annual Brand Africa 100: African Best Brands.

According to Ikalafeng, government’s facilitation to these mainly private companies might come in a way of supportive policy formulation and entering into regional trade agreements like the free trade areas. Such agreements enable local companies to enter into and compete in new markets.

Meanwhile as government helps these firms, they on their own must be competitive enough to take on the multinationals. Ikalafeng advises that local companies must focus on their competitive advantages – what they do well and be consistent.

He also said that for brands to stand out, they must address a local need and compete on standards with the global brands. “They must understand the consumer and benchmark on global brands. Once you understand the consumer, you take to them what they want,” he said.

Ikalafeng’s Brand Africa in partnership with Brand Leadership, Geopoll, Kantar and Publics Africa Thursday at a press conference named the most admired brands in Uganda, East Africa and Africa. These were derived from a continental survey responded to by consumers.

The most admired brands made in Uganda are Mukwano products, Nile Breweries and Movit while the most admired brands in Uganda are USA’s Coca Cola, India’s Airtel and Pepsi from USA.

By category, Coca Cola from USA is most admired nonalcoholic beverage; in the telecoms, Airtel from India emerged best and Samsung from South Korea was most admired in Technology. Uganda’s Nile Breweries and NBS were most admired in category of alcoholic beverages and media respectively.

Uganda’s Movit, personal care; Italy’s Gucci, Luxury; Uganda’s Mukwano, Consumer, non-cyclical; Uganda’s Centenary Bank, financial services; Japan’s Toyoto, Auto makers; USA’s Adidas, sport and fitness and USA’s KFC, food are fervently admired by Ugandans.  

“One of the biggest challenges facing Africa is transforming its vibrant entrepreneurial energy and environment to create competitive brands that meet the needs of its growing consumer market,” Ikalafeng said.

He said the rankings are an important metric of and challenge for creating home grown competitive African brands that will transform the African promise and change its narrative and image as a competitive continent.

Geopoll used their sophisticated mobile survey platform and its proprietary access to a database of over 250 million respondents in emerging markets around the global to identify the most admired brands in Africa among a representative sample of African consumers.

“Using Geopoll’s mobile based research platform and large panel of respondents, we were able to quickly gather more than 15, 000 brand mentions from 25 countries in Africa, providing brands with valuable data that will inform their growth. Geopoll was pleased to partner with Brand Africa once again to gather this vital research across Africa,” says Nicholas Becker, Geopoll Chief Executive Officer.

Kantar analysed the resultant 15,500+ brand mentions and 2,200+ individual brands and created a weighted scoring to produce the Top 100 brands. The Brand Africa 100 results are published in the June edition of the African Business Magazine now on sale globally and also available online to subscribers.

New Conservation Tourism Investment Initiatives Set After $60m Piloting In Uganda

Space for Giants today announced two new Conservation Investment Initiatives for west and southern Africa based on its Uganda pilot that is on course to unlock $60m of business investment in less than two years. 

The new initiatives were announced at the close of  the African Union and UN Environment Africa Wildlife Economy Summit in Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe, attended by the presidents of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, and Namibia, and ministerial delegations from at least 12 African countries. 

Space for Giants will support the African Wildlife Foundation and the World Bank on the process in Zimbabwe, guided by the Conservation Investment Toolkit Space for Giants launched at the same Summit a day earlier. 

That Toolkit guides African governments to attract responsible tourism businesses to invest in protected areas under transparent contracts designed to increase socio-economic development while also bringing new money to fund conservation. 

It is based on Space for Giants' ongoing conservation investment process in Uganda, that is in course to bring in more than $60m of new capital investment by leading responsible tourism operators in five national parks. 

"We're very proud that between Space for Giants, the World Bank and African Wildlife Foundation, we've been requested by the Government of Zimbabwe through the Ministry of Environment, to carry out a similar process in Zimbabwe," said Alistair Pole, AWF's Senior Director for East and Southern Africa. 

"We'll be starting as soon as possible, aiming to bring the right kind of investment into Zimbabwe, into the tourism space but also into public-private partnerships and public-private-community partnerships as well." 

Both processes are expected to launch officially with Conservation Investment Forums during 2020, the Summit's 450 delegates heard. That will be after significant work to scope investment sites and streamline business processes.

Unlike Zimbabwe, where there is a long-established tourism industry, in Gabon international visitor numbers are low despite extraordinary natural assets including populations of forest elephants estimated at more than 50,000. 

"The potential for nature-based tourism is huge in Gabon, but there's a time window which is not infinite and I think we've absolutely picked the right time to embark on this journey," said Noureddin Bongo, Space for Giants' representative in Gabon. 

"Space for Giants can bring its experience from Uganda to start the same discussions between the private sector and government, so that investors feel secure enough to invest their money. 

"In the end, with increased benefits from conservation, Gabon's people find their interests aligned with the government's and conservationists, while our rainforest is protected, our economy diversifies from oil and manganese, and we protect our elephants." 

 The Conservation Investment Initiative is designed to bring new private capital to conservation areas so they can earn African governments significantly increased revenue, while also providing jobs, buying from local suppliers, and protecting ecosystems. 

"We strongly believe that the right type of nature-based tourism done in the right areas in a sustainable fashion is a powerful conservation tool," said Oliver Poole, Executive Director of Space for Giants' Giants Club.

"That's because it creates jobs for the local community, and it brings visitors to the national parks, creating money for wildlife services, that often have limited budgets. But it also starts building a nature-based tourism sector that pays taxes and builds economies, making them of national importance and therefore more likely to be protected." 

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