Due to Africa's growing population, every year a high number of young jobseekers enter a labour market which cannot provide a workplace for all. To create jobs for youth and foster a prosperous Africa, skills development and youth entrepreneurship are key.
In order to address youth unemployment, more than 160 representatives of youth, business, investment, education, policy-making and civil society from all African regions as well as European partners convened at the African Union Commission (AUC) in Addis Ababa from 30 to 31 October 2018.
The participants discussed how to provide Africa's next generation with relevant skills that increase businesses' productivity – including ways to engage the private sector in skills development – and how to promote entrepreneurship and youth-led start-ups.
The AU Commissioner for Human Resources, Science and Technology, H.E. Prof. Sarah Anyang Agbor, emphasised that "strategic partnerships and collaboration with the private sector is the key to optimally harness the youth demographic, create employment and promote youth entrepreneurship".
The stakeholders outlined the following key policy recommendations to promote skills development and entrepreneurship:
- Given the imperative of a conducive entrepreneurship ecosystem, the African Union and member states should enhance policy frameworks and implement appropriate policy, institutional and regulatory frameworks to promote youth entrepreneurship.
- A paradigm shift regarding the role of the education sector in preparing young people for entrepreneurship has to take place. Emphasise entrepreneurship education throughout the entire learning system from early childhood to TVET and higher education. Adapt the curricula and pedagogy so as to underscore hands-on learning experiences and the acquisition of practical skills.
- Strengthen partnerships between the private sector and education providers to leverage technical and financial resources for the support of youth-led start-ups through establishing national and regional incubation hubs and entrepreneurship centres.
- Implement the TVET Policy Framework to address the need for both the formally and informally educated.
- Strengthen data gathering and access to the use of accurate, relevant and reliable labour market information (LMI) for decision making and job matching.
- Involve more youth in the dialogue and formulation of development pathways for career orientation and employment.
The recommendations were handed over to H.E. Prof. Sarah Anyang Agbor, who thanked all participants "for marking our one-year Africa Talks Jobs anniversary with concrete steps on how to translate talk into action". To follow up on the policy recommendations, the African Union will continue exchanging good practices and driving action as part of the "Africa Creates Jobs" platform.
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