The Ministry of energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) is in the process of reviewing the mining legislation. Consultative meetings to review the Mineral Policy, Law and taxation are being held to collect ideas and other necessary input.
With technical Assistance and support of the World Bank, the Ministry has compiled the views of selected Ministries and Government agencies and those of the Industry, Civil Society and other Stakeholders in form of a Green Paper for the Minerals and Mining Policy for Uganda.
It summarizes the problem, issues and needs of stakeholders. The revised document will then be put on the MEMD website for public comments. The Ministry is now preparing a Cabinet Memorandum to submit the Policy revision proposal and policy principles to cabinet to take a decision for approval.
Mining in Uganda
Uganda lies within the African plate, which is a continental crust that contains Archaean cratons that date at least 2700 Ma. The country’s geology is endowed with a wide variety of minerals.
Mining involves extracting and processing economically valuable minerals. Many minerals are mined in Uganda, including gold, tin, gemstones, limestone, clay, salt and stone aggregate.
However most bits of mining are carried out by artisanal miners who are not well equipped. There is no commonly accepted definition of artisanal and small scale mining (ASM), because it can have very different characteristics at every site!
The country's mining history is recorded in the 1920s with work done at southwest Uganda's tin and tungsten deposits. In the following decade, gold mining began near Busia.
In the 1950s, the Kilembe copper mine was developed and it became the country's largest mine. The 1950s and 1960s was an important phase for mining when it had a 30 percent contribution to the total exports of the nation.
During the late 1980s, laying of roads led to increase in demand for construction material. The National Mining Commission was formed in 1988. North Korea financed the Ugandan government's project to rehabilitate the Kilembe copper mine.